Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Psittacula > Psittacula cyanocephala
 

Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)

Synonyms: Psittacula intermedia

Wikipedia Abstract

The plum-headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) is a parakeet endemic to the Indian Subcontinent. Along with Psittacula roseata of the Himalayas it was sometimes known by the name of blossom-headed parakeet which is now used to refer only to Psittacula roseata. Plum-headed parakeets are found in flocks, the males having a pinkish purple head and the females, a grey head. They fly swiftly with twists and turns accompanied by their distinctive calls.
View Wikipedia Record: Psittacula cyanocephala

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.75053
EDGE Score: 1.90962

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  66 grams
Clutch Size [2]  5
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus amplissima[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus tsjahela[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)4
Aethopyga saturata (Black-throated Sunbird)1
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)1
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Columba elphinstonii (Nilgiri Wood Pigeon)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)3
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum cruentatum (Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum ignipectus (Fire-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)1
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)4
Lacedo pulchella (Banded Kingfisher)1
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macropygia unchall (Barred Cuckoo-Dove)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)3
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)3
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)4
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus finlaysoni (Stripe-throated Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)1
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)3
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)1
Turdus hortulorum (Grey-backed Thrush)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)1
Urocissa erythroryncha (Red-billed Blue Magpie)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ceratospira psittaculae <Unverified Name>[4]
Diorchis hanumanthai <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabh
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Emerald Safari Resort
Giza Zoological Garden
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hamilton Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Lucknow Zoological Park
Melbourne Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Mitchell Park Zoo
National Zoo & Aquarium
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Twycross Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access