Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Amazona > Amazona oratrix

Amazona oratrix (Yellow-headed Parrot; Yellow-headed Amazon)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-headed amazon (Amazona oratrix), also known as the yellow-headed parrot and double yellow-headed amazon, is an endangered amazon parrot of Mexico and northern Central America. Measuring 38–43 centimetres (15–17 in) in length, it is a stocky short-tailed green parrot with a yellow head. It prefers to live in mangrove forests or forests near rivers or other bodies of water. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the yellow-crowned amazon. It is a popular pet and an excellent talker.
View Wikipedia Record: Amazona oratrix


Amazona oratrix belizensis (Yellow-headed amazon)
Amazona oratrix oratrix (Yellow-headed amazon)
Amazona oratrix tresmariae (Yellow-headed amazon)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Amazona oratrix

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.86592
EDGE Score: 3.13233


Adult Weight [1]  437 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  40 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  33 %
Forages - Understory [3]  33 %
Forages - Ground [3]  33 %
Clutch Size [1]  3


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna de Términos Wetland of International Importance (Ramsar Convention) 1742132 Campeche, Mexico      
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Laguna de Terminos Flora and Fauna Protection Area 1742135 Campeche, Mexico      
Pantanos de Centla Biosphere Reserve 748005 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Belize Coastal and near shore islands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i
Crooked Tree and associated wetlands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Guatemalan Caribbean Slope Guatemala A1, A3
Northeastern Belize Belize A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Prey / Diet

Astronium graveolens[4]
Bumelia laetivirens[5]
Crataeva tapia[4]
Ebenopsis ebano (Texas ebony)[5]
Pithecellobium dulce (monkeypod)[5]
Sideroxylon capiri[4]
Vachellia campeachiana[5]
Zea mays (corn)[5]
Zuelania guidonia[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot)1
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)2
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquariumtresmariae
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zootresmariae
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parkoratrix
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatoratrix
Bowmanville Zoological Parktresmariae
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Parkoratrix
Cape May County Park Zoooratrix
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Charles Paddock Zoooratrix
Copenhagen Zoooratrix
Cougar Mountain Zoological Parkoratrix
Dallas World Aquariumoratrix
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiaoratrix
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensoratrix
Exmoor Zoological Parkoratrix
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Guadalajara Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicauxoratrix
Indianapolis Zoooratrix
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoooratrix
Lake Superior Zoological Gardensoratrix
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.hondurensis
Lion Country Safari Inc - Floridabelizensis
Miami Metrozoo
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoooratrix
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Natural Science Center of Greensborobelizensis
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoooratrix
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoooratrix
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkoratrix
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkoratrix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Phoenix Zoooratrix
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
Pueblo Zoooratrix
Roosevelt Park Zoooratrix
Saint Louis Zoological Parkoratrix
Saitama Children's Zoobelizensis
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquaroratrix
San Diego Zoooratrix
Santa Ana Zoooratrix
Sedgwick County Zootresmariae
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silver Springs Parkoratrix
Six Flags Discovery Kingdomoratrix
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
St. Paul's Como Zoooratrix
The Parrot Zoo
Turtle Back Zoooratrix
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifaunabelizensis
Washington Park Zoological Gardensoratrix
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Willow Park Zoooratrix
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürichtresmariae
Zoological Garden Pragueoratrix
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna de Términos Wetland of International Importance (Ramsar Conventi;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Masello JF, Quillfeldt P (2002) Chick growth and breeding success of the burrowing parrot Condor 104:574–586
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Yellow-headed Amazon, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access