Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Triclaria > Triclaria malachitacea

Triclaria malachitacea (Blue-bellied Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue-bellied parrot or purple-bellied parrot (Triclaria malachitacea) is the only species in its genus. It is generally considered endemic to the humid Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil, but there are two unconfirmed records from Misiones in Argentina. It occurs up to 1000 m. (3300 ft). It has been recorded feeding on seeds, fruits, flower buds, nectar and some insects. The nest is placed in the cavity of a large tree or palm. It nests between September (October in Rio Grande do Sul) and January. The pair is highly territorial during the breeding season.
View Wikipedia Record: Triclaria malachitacea

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.9138
EDGE Score: 3.39543


Adult Weight [1]  90 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [3]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Atlantic Forest Southeast Reserves World Heritage Site 1156930 São Paulo, Brazil      
Cananéia-Iguape-Peruíbe Environmental Protection Area 519537 São Paulo, Brazil  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Bertioga Brazil A1
Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins Brazil A1, A2, A3
Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Itanhaém / Mongaguá Brazil A1
Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Pedro de Toledo e Cubatão) Brazil A1
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual das Lauráceas e Entorno Brazil A1
Parque Estadual do Desengano e Entorno Brazil A1, A2
Parque Estadual do Rio Doce Brazil A1
Região dos Aparados da Serra Brazil A1, A2, A3
Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas Brazil A1
Salto do Piraí Brazil A1
Santa Teresa Brazil A1, A2, A3
São Francisco Xavier / Monte Verde Brazil A1
Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Marumbi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Tinguá Brazil A1, A2, A3
Sooretama / Linhares Brazil A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay Yes

Prey / Diet

Actinostemon concolor[4]
Aechmea ornata[5]
Bicuiba oleifera[6]
Campomanesia xanthocarpa[4]
Cryptocarya moschata (Brazilian Muskeg Nut)[6]
Eugenia rostrifolia[4]
Sebastiana brasiliensis[4]
Sloanea hirsuta subsp. hirsuta[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)2
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)1
Cacicus chrysopterus (Golden-winged Cacique)1
Euryoryzomys russatus (intermediate rice rat)1
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)1
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)1
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)1

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Seasonal abundance and feeding ecology of parrots and parakeets in a lowland Atlantic forest of Brazil, Mauro Galetti, Ararajuba 5(2):115-126 (1997)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access