Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Apodiformes > Trochilidae > Amazilia > Amazilia tobaci

Amazilia tobaci (Copper-rumped Hummingbird)

Wikipedia Abstract

The copper-rumped hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci) sometimes placed in the genus Saucerottia, is a small bird that breeds in Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, and has occurred as a vagrant on Grenada. It is a seasonal migrant in parts of Venezuela.This hummingbird inhabits open country, gardens and cultivation. The female copper-rumped hummingbird lays its eggs in a tiny cup nest on a low branch, or sometimes wires or clotheslines.
View Wikipedia Record: Amazilia tobaci


Amazilia tobaci aliciae (Copper-rumped hummingbird)
Amazilia tobaci caudata (Copper-rumped hummingbird)
Amazilia tobaci caurensis (Copper-rumped hummingbird)
Amazilia tobaci erythronotos (Copper-rumped hummingbird)
Amazilia tobaci feliciae (Copper-rumped hummingbird)
Amazilia tobaci monticola (Copper-rumped hummingbird)
Amazilia tobaci tobaci (Copper-rumped hummingbird)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.63937
EDGE Score: 1.29181


Adult Weight [1]  5 grams
Birth Weight [1]  0.5 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Nectarivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  90 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  30 %
Forages - Understory [2]  40 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  21 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Formaciones de Tepuyes Natural Monument 1408056 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Sierra de San Luis National Park II 50473 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Yacambu National Park II 43025 Venezuela  
Sur del Estado Bolívar Protective Zone 17945677 Bolívar, Venezuela      

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Little Tobago Island Trinidad and Tobago A3, A4i, A4ii, B4i, B4ii  
Main Ridge, Tobago Trinidad and Tobago A1, A2, A3  
Northern Range Trinidad and Tobago A1, A2, A3  
Parque Nacional Cerro El Copey Venezuela A3
Parque Nacional El Ávila Venezuela A1, A2, A3  
Parque Nacional Guatopo Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier Venezuela A1, A2, A3  
Parque Nacional Mochima Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Morrocoy Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional San Esteban Venezuela A1, A2, A3  
Parque Nacional Santos Luzardo Venezuela A1, A3, A4iii
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre Cuare Venezuela A1, A2, A3, A4i
Reserva de Fauna Silvestre Esteros de Camaguán Venezuela A1, A3
Reserva Privada Hato Masaguaral Venezuela A1, A3
Reserva Privada Hato Piñero Venezuela A1, A3
Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve Trinidad and Tobago A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Aechmea aquilega[5]
Aechmea fendleri[5]
Aechmea nudicaulis (nakedstem livingvase)[5]
Albizia saman (Rain Tree)[5]
Clathrotropis brachypetala (Aromata)[5]
Dolichandra unguis-cati (claw vine)[5]
Erythrina poeppigiana (mountain immortelle)[5]
Gonzalagunia hirsuta (mata de Mariposa)[5]
Gurania lobata[5]
Guzmania monostachia (varigated tufted airplant)[5]
Hamelia patens (scarletbush)[5]
Heliconia bihai (macawflower)[5]
Norantea guianensis[5]
Pachystachys coccinea[5]
Ryania speciosa[5]
Symphonia globulifera[5]
Syzygium jambos[5]


Parasitized by 
Amazilolepis trinidadensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Pollinator of 
Heliconia psittacorum (parakeetflower)[7]

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Ramirez, N., and Y. Brito. 1992. Pollination Biology in a Palm Swamp Community in the Venezuelan Central Plains. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 110:277-302.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access