Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Musophagiformes > Musophagidae > Tauraco > Tauraco livingstonii

Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Livingstone's turaco (Tauraco livingstonii) is a species of bird in the Musophagidae family, which was named for Charles Livingstone, the brother of David Livingstone.It is distributed through the subtropical lowlands of southeastern Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Tauraco livingstonii


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 16.2735
EDGE Score: 2.84918


Adult Weight [1]  318 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  100 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [1]  22 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Ndimba Forest Reserve 3102 Tanzania  
Pande Forest Reserve Game Reserve IV 3094 Tanzania  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No

Prey / Diet

Ficus chirindensis[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)2
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Gynaikothrips ficorum1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rungwecebus kipunji (highland mangabey)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jászberény Zool.& Botanical Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Miami Metrozoo
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Ouwehand Zoo
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parco Natura Viva
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
The Pheasant Foundation (OHBG)
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia





Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access