Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Musophagiformes > Musophagidae > Tauraco > Tauraco corythaix

Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Knysna turaco (Tauraco corythaix), or, in South Africa, Knysna lourie, is a large turaco, one of a group of African near-passerine birds. It is a resident breeder in the mature evergreen forests of southern and eastern South Africa, and Swaziland. It was formerly sometimes considered to be a subspecies of the green turaco of West Africa. The Livingstone's and Schalow's turacos were once considered subspecies. This species lays two eggs in a shallow platform nest made from sticks and placed in a tree or clump of creepers.
View Wikipedia Record: Tauraco corythaix


Tauraco corythaix corythaix (Knysna turaco)
Tauraco corythaix phoebus (Barberton turaco)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.9135
EDGE Score: 2.9914


Adult Weight [1]  308 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  22 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Alexandria coastal belt South Africa A1, A2, A3
Amatole forest complex South Africa A1, A2, A3
Blue Swallow Natural Heritage Site South Africa A1, A2, A3
Blyde river canyon South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Dwesa and Cwebe Nature Reserves South Africa A1, A2, A3
Entumeni Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3
Grassland Biosphere Reserve (proposed) South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Impendle Nature Reserve South Africa A1
Karkloof Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3
Katberg: Readsdale forest complex South Africa A1, A2, A3
KwaZulu-Natal mistbelt forests South Africa A1, A2, A3
Mac-Mac escarpment and forests South Africa A1, A2, A3
Malolotja Nature Reserve Swaziland A1, A2, A3
Mkambati Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Oribi Gorge Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3
Outeniqua mountains South Africa A1, A2, A3
Songimvelo Game Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3
Soutpansberg South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Tsitsikamma National Park South Africa A1, A2, A3
Umtamvuna Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Wilderness: Sedgefield lakes complex South Africa A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Wolkberg forest belt South Africa A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Acokanthera oblongifolia (Dune Poison-bush)[3]
Apodytes dimidiata (White Pear)[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[5]
Ficus burtt-davyi (Veld Fig)[5]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[5]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[5]
Myrsine melanophloeos (Cape Beech)[3]
Olea capensis (Black Ironwood)[3]
Rothmannia capensis[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)2
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)2
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)2
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)2
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)2
Cheirogaleus major (greater dwarf lemur)1
Cheirogaleus medius (fat-tailed dwarf lemur)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)2
Cinnyris afer (Greater double-collared sunbird)1
Cinnyris chalybeus (Southern double-collared sunbird)1
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)2
Columba arquatrix (African Olive Pigeon)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)1
Cossypha caffra (Cape Robin-Chat)1
Crithagra gularis (Streaky-headed Seedeater)1
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)2
Gynaikothrips ficorum1
Hedydipna collaris (Collared sunbird)1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)2
Lanius collaris (Common Fiscal)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)3
Microcebus rufus (brown mouse lemur)1
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Monticola rupestris (Cape Rock Thrush)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)2
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)2
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)2
Poicephalus robustus (Cape Parrot)1
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Prinia maculosa (Karoo Prinia)1
Procavia capensis (Rock Hyrax)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)1
Rhabdomys pumilio (Four-striped grass mouse)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)2
Rungwecebus kipunji (highland mangabey)1
Ruwenzorornis johnstoni (Ruwenzori Turaco)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Tauraco hartlaubi (Hartlaub's Turaco)1
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)2
Telophorus zeylonus (Bokmakierie)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Tockus erythrorhynchus (Red-billed Hornbill)1
Tockus fasciatus semifasciatus (West African Pied Hornbill)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)2
Zosterops pallidus (Orange River White-eye)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bird Park Marlow
Guadalajara Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Mitchell Park Zoo
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
Taipei Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1SAFRING, University of Cape Town, Department of Statistical Sciences, Avian Demography Unit
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access