Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Musophagiformes > Musophagidae > Musophaga > Musophaga violacea

Musophaga violacea (Violet Turaco)

Wikipedia Abstract

The violet turaco, also known as the violaceous plantain eater (Musophaga violacea), is a large turaco, a group of African near-passerines. It is resident in West Africa, and has an extremely large range from Senegal through to the Nigeria, with an isolated population in Chad and Central African Republic. It occurs in tropical savannas, wetlands, woodlands and forests. Violet turaco has a loud cooroo-cooroo call.
View Wikipedia Record: Musophaga violacea

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.3462
EDGE Score: 3.23263


Adult Weight [1]  360 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [4]  1
Incubation [3]  25 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
'W' National Park Niger A1, A3
Amurum woodlands (Taboru) Nigeria A3
Assop Falls and hills Nigeria A3
Badiar Guinea A3
Bafing Mali A1, A2, A3
Bénoué National Park Cameroon A3
Bérégadougou hill Burkina Faso A3
Boucle du Baoulé Mali A3
Bui National Park Ghana A3
Comoe National Park C A3
Damongo Scarp Forest Reserve Ghana A3
Delta du Saloum Senegal A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Diéfoula: Logoniégué forest Burkina Faso A3
Digya National Park Ghana  
Dulombi Guinea-Bissau A3
Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves Nigeria A3
Faro National Park Cameroon A3
Fazao-Malfakassa National Park Togo A1, A3
Gambaga Scarp (East) Forest Reserve Ghana A3
Gashaka-Gumti National Park Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Gashiga: Demsa Cameroon A3
Gbele Resource Reserve Ghana  
IITA Forest Reserve, Ibadan Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Kaboré Tambi: Nazinga: Sissili complex Burkina Faso A3
Kagoro: Nindam Forest Reserves Nigeria A3
Kainji Lake National Park Nigeria A3
Kalakpa Resource Reserve Ghana  
Kamuku National Park Nigeria A3
Kéran National Park Togo A3
Kyabobo (proposed) National Park Ghana  
Lagoas de Cufada Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Lamto Ecological Research Station C A1, A2, A3
Lower Kaduna: Middle Niger flood-plain Nigeria A1, A3, A4ii
Mafou Guinea A3
Marahoue National Park C A1, A2, A3
Mare aux Hippopotames Burkina Faso A3
Mole National Park Ghana A3
Nialama Guinea A3
Oti Valley Faunal Reserve Togo A3
Ouémé river basin Benin A3
Pandam Wildlife Park Nigeria A3
Parc National de Basse Casamance Senegal A1, A3
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba Senegal A3
Pendjari National Park Benin A3
Prufu: Darsilami area Gambia A3
Rio Cacheu Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo Guinea-Bissau A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sangbe Mountain National Park C A1, A2, A3
Shai Hills Resource Reserve Ghana A3
Sirakoroni: Tyènfala Mali A1, A2, A3
Sunvit Farm Nigeria A3
W du Bénin National Park Benin A3
Yankari National Park Nigeria A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Amazon World
Artis Zoo
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Birdland Park & Gardens
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Capron Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Chicago Zoological Park
City of Belfast Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Drusillas Zoo Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Gladys Porter Zoo
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.violacea
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Mulhouse Zoo
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
North of England Zoological Society
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Oregon Zoo
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Phoenix Zoo
Reid Park Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Diego Zoo
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Toronto Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wildlife World Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürich
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access