Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Musophagiformes > Musophagidae > Crinifer > Crinifer piscator

Crinifer piscator (Western Plantain-eater; Western Grey Plantain-eater)

Wikipedia Abstract

The western plantain-eater (Crinifer piscator), also known as the grey plantain-eater or western grey plantain-eater, is a large member of the turaco family, a group of large arboreal near-passerine birds restricted to Africa. This species is a resident breeder in open woodland habitats in tropical west Africa. It lays two or three eggs in a tree platform nest. Western plantain-eater has a thick bright yellow bill, and shows a white wing bar in flight. The sexes are identical, but immatures have a black woolly head without silver streaking.
View Wikipedia Record: Crinifer piscator

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 26.5576
EDGE Score: 3.31628


Diet [1]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  100 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  50 %
Forages - Understory [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [2]  27 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Foret Classee de Samba Dia Classified Forest VI   Senegal  
Lamto Reserve Station d´Ecologie Tropicale 6425 Cõte d'Ivoire  
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Azadirachta indica (neem)[2]
Cordia senegalensis[2]
Polyscias fulva[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Bycanistes fistulator (Piping Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Funisciurus anerythrus (Thomas's rope squirrel)1
Hypergerus atriceps (Oriole Warbler)1
Lamprotornis caudatus (Long-tailed Glossy Starling)1
Lamprotornis purpureus (Purple Starling)1
Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)1
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)1
Oriolus auratus (African Golden Oriole)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pseudalethe poliocephala (Brown-chested Alethe)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)1
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)1
Streptopelia hypopyrrha (Adamawa Turtle Dove)1
Streptopelia semitorquata (Red-eyed Dove)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Tauraco leucolophus (White-crested Turaco)1
Tauraco persa (Guinea Turaco)1
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Dallas Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Parc des Oiseaux
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Umgeni River Bird Park
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wildlife World Zoo





Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Guild of Frugivores on three fruit-producing tree species Polyscias fulva, Syzyguim guineensis subsp. bamensdae and Pouteria altissima) in Ngel Nyaki Forest Reserve, a Montane Forest Ecosystem in Nigeria, Ihuma Jerome, Hazel Chapman, Tella Iyiola, Akosim Calistus, Stephen Goldson, Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2011)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access