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Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)

Wikipedia Abstract

The great blue turaco (Corythaeola cristata) is a turaco, a group of African near-passerines. It is the largest species of turaco. Generally, the great blue turaco is 70–76 cm (28–30 in) in length with a mass of 800–1,231 g (1.764–2.714 lb). In the Bandundu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the great blue turaco is actively hunted for meat and feathers. The blue and yellow tail feathers are prized for making good luck talismans. In the area of Bandundu around the city of Kikwit, it is called "Kolonvo".
View Wikipedia Record: Corythaeola cristata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
61
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
56
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 45.4849
EDGE Score: 3.83913

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.13 lbs (965 g)
Birth Weight [1]  54 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  30 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mount Elgon National Park II 276135 Uganda
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de Moukalaba-Dougoua (Gamba Complex) Faunal Reserve IV 266550 Gabon  
Reserve des Monts Doudou (Gamba Complex) Wildlife Management Area 656901 Gabon  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Bridelia micrantha (Coastal Golden-leaf)[3]
Cordia africana (Large-leaved Saucer-berry)[3]
Dalbergia lactea[5]
Ekebergia capensis (Cape Ash)[5]
Embelia schimperi[5]
Eriobotrya japonica (loquat)[3]
Ficus oreodryadum[6]
Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)[6]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ilex mitis (mountain winterberry)[5]
Markhamia lutea[3]
Ocotea michelsonii[5]
Olea welwitschii[3]
Olinia rochetiana (Rock Hard Pear)[5]
Petersianthus macrocarpus[7]
Phragmanthera rufescens[5]
Psidium guajava (common guava)[3]
Psychotria mahonii[5]
Salacia erecta[5]
Schefflera goetzenii[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla masukuensis (Shelley's Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Baeopogon indicator (Honeyguide Greenbul)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)2
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)2
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)2
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)4
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)2
Cinnyris venustus (Variable sunbird)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)2
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon dupreanum (Madagascan fruit bat)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Epomops franqueti (Franquet's epauletted bat)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)3
Gymnobucco bonapartei (Grey-throated Barbet)1
Gynaikothrips ficorum1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)1
Musophaga rossae (Ross's Turaco)1
Nectarinia johnstoni (Scarlet-tufted Sunbird)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)3
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phyllastrephus hypochloris (Toro Olive Greenbul)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pteropus rufus (Madagascan flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)2
Rungwecebus kipunji (highland mangabey)2
Ruwenzorornis johnstoni (Ruwenzori Turaco)7
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)2
Tauraco schuettii (Black-billed Turaco)5
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Tockus erythrorhynchus (Red-billed Hornbill)1
Tockus fasciatus semifasciatus (West African Pied Hornbill)1
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)1
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)3
Turdoides sharpei (Black-lored Babbler)1
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Turdus pelios (African Thrush)1
Turtur tympanistria (Tambourine Dove)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)2

Predators

Accipiter tachiro (African Goshawk)[3]
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)[3]
Naja melanoleuca (Black and White Cobra)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Davainea calcaria <Unverified Name>[8]
Davainea undulata <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
 cristata
The Pheasant Foundation (OHBG)
Zoo of Antwerp

Distribution

Africa; Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5FORAGING ECOLOGY OF THREE SYMPATRIC TURACOS IN A MONTANE FOREST IN RWANDA, CHIN SUN AND TIMOTHY C. MOERMOND, The Auk 114(3):396-404, 1997
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access