Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Strigiformes > Strigidae > Bubo > Bubo bubo
 

Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian Eagle-Owl (Bubo bubo) is a species of eagle owl resident in much of Eurasia. It is sometimes called the European Eagle-Owl and is, in Europe where it is the only member of its genus besides the Snowy Owl (B. scandiacus), occasionally abbreviated to just Eagle-Owl. In India, it is often called the Indian Great Horned Owl, though this may cause confusion with the similarly-named American bird. It is one of the largest species of owls.
View Wikipedia Record: Bubo bubo

Infraspecies

Bubo bubo bengalensis (Rock Eagle-owl) (Attributes)
Bubo bubo borissowi (Eurasian eagle owl)
Bubo bubo bubo (Eurasian eagle owl)
Bubo bubo hemachalanus
Bubo bubo hispanus (Spanish eagle owl)
Bubo bubo interpositus (Aharoni's eagle owl)
Bubo bubo jakutensis (Eurasian eagle owl)
Bubo bubo kiautschensis (Northern eagle owl)
Bubo bubo nikolskii (Afghan Eurasian eagle owl)
Bubo bubo omissus
Bubo bubo ruthenus (Eastern Eurasian eagle-owl)
Bubo bubo sibiricus (Northern eagle owl)
Bubo bubo tarimensis (Eurasian eagle owl)
Bubo bubo tibetanus
Bubo bubo turcomanus (Steppe Eurasian eagle owl)
Bubo bubo ussuriensis (Eurasian eagle owl)
Bubo bubo yenisseensis (Eurasian eagle owl)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.70772
EDGE Score: 1.90326

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.92 lbs (2.69 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  80 grams
Female Weight [1]  6.60 lbs (2.99 kg)
Male Weight [1]  5.25 lbs (2.38 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  25.7 %
Female Maturity [4]  2 years
Male Maturity [4]  2 years
Clutch Size [6]  3
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [5]  35 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  68 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ARRIBES DEL DUERO 264506 Spain  
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Alto Turia y Sierra del Negrete 247883 Spain  
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bashkirsky State Nature Reserve 274648 Bashkortostan, Russia
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Bory Dolnoslaskie 425252 Poland  
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Bureinsky State Nature Reserve 885626 Khabarovsk, Russia
Camargue 546256 France  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Dolina Biebrzy 299507 Poland  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kenozersky National Park 345115 Arkhangelsk, Russia
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kuznetsk Alatau State Nature Reserve 1020298 Kemerovo, Russia
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lasy Puszczy nad Drawa 470190 Poland  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE TOLEDO 538722 Spain  
Magadan State Nature Reserve 2183959 Magadan, Russia
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Meschera National Park 293457 Vladimir, Russia
Meshchersky National Park 254553 Ryazan, Russia
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Norsky State Nature Reserve 521807 Amur, Russia
Olekminsky State Nature Reserve 2093249 Sakha, Russia
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Biebrzanska 366973 Poland  
Ostoja Drawska 380310 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN 250408 Spain  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso - Monti della Laga 354129 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pribaikalsky National Park 1031171 Irkutsk, Russia
Puszcza Augustowska 332055 Poland  
Puszcza Knyszynska 344935 Poland  
Puszcza Napiwodzko-Ramucka 288136 Poland  
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Puszcza Piska 427004 Poland  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Cevennes Biosphere Reserve 798150 France  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Roztocze 255762 Poland  
Russkiy Sever National Park 411183 Vologda, Russia
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO 284250 Spain  
SIERRA MORENA 331883 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE DEMANDA, URBIÓN, CEBOLLERA Y CAMEROS 342683 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Shorsky National Park 1022628 Kemerovo, Russia
Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes 349412 Spain  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Smolenskoe Poozerie National Park 361359 Smolensk, Russia
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Trans-Baikal National Park 660209 Buryatia, Russia
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tunkinsky National Park 2924892 Buryatia, Russia
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Valdai National Park 391566 Novgorod, Russia
Verkhne-Tazovsky State Nature Reserve 1564938 Yamalo-Nenets, Russia
Visherskii State Nature Reserve 596018 Perm, Russia
Volovské vrchy 316267 Slovakia  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 3854844 Estonia  
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yugansky State Nature Reserve 1602814 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Yugyd Islands National Park 4674495 Komi, Russia
Yuzhno-Uralsky State Nature Reserve 624742 Chelyabinsk, Bashkortostan, Russia
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Al'manskija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3
Alcarama mountain and Alhama river Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Almăjului Mountains: Locvei Romania C1, C6
Antigorio and Formazza valleys Italy A3, B2, C6
Arnedillo-Isasa crag Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle Spain B1i, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Šar Planina Mountain Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of B2
Balota Zvaniec Belarus A1, B2, B3
Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinous gorge Greece B2, C6
Bardenas Reales Spain A3, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Basses Corbières France A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C5, C6
Bârnova woodland Romania C1, C6
Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains Romania C6
Biebrza river valley Poland C1, C2, C6
Bielaviežškaja Pušča Belarus A1, B2, B3
Bieszczady Mountains Poland C1, C6
Bogata forest Romania C1, C6
Bujeo, Ojén, del Niño and Blanquilla mountain ranges Spain A4ii, A4iv, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C2, C5, C6
Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges Spain B2, C6
Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains Spain B2, C2, C6
Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains Ukraine B2, B3
Carso Italy B2, C6
Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Côa valley Portugal B2, C6
Chaîne des Alpilles France B2, B3, C6
Chocské hills Slovakia A1, B2
Cicolano Italy B2, B3, C6
Cortados del Jarama Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Devetashko Plateau Bulgaria A1, C1, C6
Dobron forest Romania B2, B3
Dobrostan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Domogled: Cernei valley Romania C6
Doupov hills Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Drawa River Site Poland C1, C6
Dudelange Haard Luxembourg C6
El Pardo-Viñuelas Spain A1, A3, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains Spain B1iii, C2, C6
Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse Belgium A1, C1, C2, C6
Espadán mountain range Spain B2, C6
Finalese Italy C6
Forest at Drawa River Poland C1, C2, C6
Gerês mountains Portugal B2, C6
Gorgany Ukraine B2, B3
Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants France A1, B2, C1, C6
Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte France A1, B2, C1, C6
Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Gran Sasso and Laga mountains Italy A3, B2, C1, C6
Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Hanveden-Hemfosa Sweden B2, C6
Haut Val d'Allier France B2, B3, C6
Haute Meuse Belgium C6
Hautes Corbières France B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais France A1, B1iv, B2, C1, C5, C6
Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes France B2, C6
Juortanansalo Finland B2, C6
Kargopol' area Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Karlukovski Karst Bulgaria B2, C6
Khosrov Reserve Armenia A1, A3, B2
Kozhuf mountain and Boshava river Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of B2
Kraka Mountain Russia (European) A1, B2
Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope Spain B2, C6
La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges Spain B2, B3, C6
Lahemaa Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lake Pihlajavesi Finland B2, C6
Les Couzes Nord France B2, C6
Les Couzes Sud France B2, C6
Ligurian Alps Italy B2, C6
Lower course of the river Huerva Spain B2, C6
Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja Spain B1i, B2, C2, C6
Lower Kamp valley Austria B2, C6
Luoto archipelago Finland B2, C6  
Malá Fatra Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Malcata mountains Portugal A3, C6
María mountain range-Los Vélez Spain B2, C6
Maritime Alps Italy A3, B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Massif du Petit Lubéron France B2, B3, C6
Matese Italy B2, B3, C6
Metaliferi Mountains Romania C6
Mid Prypiac' Belarus A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Middle Kamp valley Austria B2, C6
Middle valley of Tagliamento river Italy C6
Minervois France B2, B3, C6
Monfragüe Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Montagne de la Clape France B1iv, C5, C6
Montagne Sainte-Victoire France B2, B3, C6
Montagut and Montmell mountains Spain B2, C6
Montesinho and Nogueira mountains Portugal B2, B3, C6
Montsant and Prades mountains Spain B2, C2, C6
Mount Cervati Italy B2, C6
Mount Grappa Italy A1, B1iv, B2, C1, C5, C6
Mount Ochi and surrounding area Greece A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata Spain A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Mountain valley of Ai river Russia (European) A1, B2
Mountain valley of Zilim river Russia (European) A1, B2
Mountains of Barcelona Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Mourão, Moura e Barrancos Portugal A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Muraka Estonia C6  
Nätsi-Võlla Estonia A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Nízke Tatry Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Nõva-Osmussaar Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Nerei gorge: Beuşniţa Romania C1, C6
Nestos gorge Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Niculitel and Babadag forest Romania A1, B2
Noravank Armenia A1, B2
Obarenes mountains Spain B2, C2, C6
Orikhivski lake-system Ukraine B2
Oulanka-Sukerijärvi Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Padiş: Vlădeasa mountain Romania C1, C6
Parc National de la Vanoise France A3, B2, C2, C6
Parczew forests Poland C1, C6
Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain Spain B2, C6
Picentini mountains Italy C6
Pieniny Mountains Poland C6
Pisz forest Poland C1, C6
Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes France A1, B2, C1, C6
Pollino Italy B2, C6
Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira Finland A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Ponor Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão Portugal B2, C6
Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada Spain B2, C2, C6
Prokletije Serbia A3, B2, B3
Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest Greece A1, A3, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau Bulgaria A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Pryp'yat' river valley Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Retezat Mountains Romania C6
River Crna gorge Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1, B2
River Radika catchment Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of B2
Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons Spain B2, C2, C6
Sabôr and Maçãs Portugal B2, B3, C6
San Pedro mountain range Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Sara mountain Serbia A1, A3, B2
Serra de Monchique Portugal B2, C2, C6
Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Serra do Caldeirão Portugal B2, C6
Serras do Alvão e Marão Portugal C6
Shats'ki lakes Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Sialiec Belarus A1, B2, B3
Sicevo gorge Serbia B2
Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains Italy A1, B2, C1, C6
Slovenský karst Slovakia A1, B2, B3
South forest complex of Evros prefecture Greece A1, A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Stara mountain-Vidlic Serbia B2, B3
Stigfjorden fjord Sweden B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Stolowe Mountains Poland C1, C6
Studen Kladenets Bulgaria A3, B2, C6
Studenets Bulgaria B2, C6
Styrian Enns valley Austria C6
Suha Reka Bulgaria A4iv, B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Susa and Chisone valleys Italy A3, B2, C6
Syra Pogonya mire Ukraine A1, B2
Tarnan-Riala forest Sweden B2, C6
Tatra mountains Poland C6
Tatry Slovakia A1, A3, B2, B3
Thermenlinie Austria B2, C6
Tiermes-Caracena Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Toledo mountains-Cabañeros Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges Spain B2, C6
Trascău Mountains Romania C1, C6
Trebonsko (Trebon region) Czech Republic A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tsimlyanskiye sands Russia (European) A1, B2
Tuchola Forest Poland C1, C2, C6
Turia canyon and Los Serranos Spain B2, B3, C2, C6
Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys Portugal B2, C2, C6
Upper River Tejo Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C6
Uvac-Milesevka Serbia A1, B2
Uzh river valley Ukraine A1, B1i, B2
Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire France B2, B3, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch Austria C6
Vrachanski Balkan Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Wachau Austria B2, C6
Western Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Barbastella barbastellus (western barbastelle)[7]
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)[8]
Eptesicus nilssoni (northern bat)[9]
Erinaceus concolor (Southern White-Breasted Hedgehog)[8]
Fulica atra (Eurasian Coot)[8]
Gallinula chloropus (Common Moorhen)[8]
Neomys fodiens (Eurasian Water Shrew)[10]
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)[11]
Ochotona dauurica (Daurian Pika)[12]
Phodopus campbelli (Campbell's hamster)[13]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[8]
Rousettus egyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)[14]
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)[10]
Vespertilio murinus (particolored bat)[15]
Vulpes rueppellii (Rüppell's Fox)[16]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)2
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)1
Aquila clanga (Greater Spotted Eagle)2
Aquila nipalensis (Steppe Eagle)3
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)2
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)1
Buteo hemilasius (Upland Buzzard)1
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)1
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Falco biarmicus (Lanner Falcon)1
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)2
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)2
Glaucidium passerinum (Eurasian Pygmy Owl)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)1
Haliaeetus leucogaster (White-bellied Sea Eagle)1
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)1
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)2
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)1
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)4
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)2
Surnia ulula (Northern Hawk-Owl)2
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)3
Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acuaria gruveli <Unverified Name>[17]
Apharyngostrigea indiana <Unverified Name>[17]
Apharyngostrigea intermedia[17]
Ascaris rugosa <Unverified Name>[17]
Baruscapillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[17]
Brachylecithum bubo <Unverified Name>[17]
Capillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[17]
Capillaria tenuissima <Unverified Name>[17]
Centrorhynchus aluconis[17]
Centrorhynchus butonis <Unverified Name>[17]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[18]
Ceratophyllus garei[18]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus[18]
Citellophilus transcaucasicus[18]
Cladotaenia globifera[17]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes fennicus[18]
Ctenophthalmus uncinatus uncinatus[18]
Echinostoma revolutum[17]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[17]
Habronema spinosa <Unverified Name>[17]
Hartertia hispanica <Unverified Name>[17]
Hovorkonema americanum <Unverified Name>[17]
Hydatigera taeniaeformis[17]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[18]
Lyperosomum strigis <Unverified Name>[17]
Neodiplostomum cochleare <Unverified Name>[17]
Physaloptera crosi <Unverified Name>[17]
Porrocaecum depressum <Unverified Name>[17]
Procyrnea ameerae <Unverified Name>[17]
Strigea falconis[17]
Strigea strigis <Unverified Name>[17]
Synhimantus laticeps <Unverified Name>[17]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[17]
Thominx tenuissima <Unverified Name>[17]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Amazon World
Aqua Zoo Friesland
 bubo
Aquarium du Quebec
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zooturcomanus
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Banham Zoo Ltd.
 bubo
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Nature Centre
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Children's Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
 tenuipes
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Central Park Zoo
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Colchester Zooturcomanus
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Copenhagen Zoobubo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Amersfoort
 bubo
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dierenrijk Europa
 bubo
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Drayton Manor Park Zoobubo
 turcomanus
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Ecodrome CV
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Galloway Wildlife Conservation Park
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Helsinki Zoo
 bubo
Inokashira Park Zoo
International Centre for Birds of Prey
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kaliningrad Zoo
 bubo
Kansas City Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
 bubo
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASAbubo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburgsibiricus
Linton Zoological Gardensturcomanus
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Lucknow Zoological Park
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
 bubo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
 bubo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
 sibiricus
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
National SEA LIFE Centre
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
Nordens Arkbubo
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
 bubo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Oregon Zoo
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkhispanus
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 bubo
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
 bubo
Pueblo Zoo
Ranua Wildlife Parkbubo
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Riga Zoobubo
 hemachalana
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Romabubo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
 bubo
Rotterdam Zoo
 bubo
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Parkbubo
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.bubo
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
 bubo
Szeged Zoobubo
Taipei Zoo
 bubo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Hawk Conservancy
The Raptor Foundation
 sibiricus
 turcomanus
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Tiergarten Bernburgturcomanus
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelbergbubo
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Toronto Zoo
Trotter's World of Animals
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woburn Safari Parkturcomanus
World Owl Trustbubo
 turcomanus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
 hispanus
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)sibiricus
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
 turcomanus
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc Overloon
 bubo
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiasibiricus
Zoo Zürichbubo
Zoobotanico de Jerezhispanus
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenbubo
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
 bubo
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

Azas Zapovednik; Bassegi Zapovednik; Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Comblain-au-Pont et Angleur (Chaudfontaine; Comblain-au-Pont; Esneux; Liège; Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Hamoir et Comblain-au-Pont (Anthisnes; Comblain-au-Pont; Ferrières; Hamoir;;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2005-09-28, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5Kemp, AC. 1989. Estimation of Biological Indices for Little-known African Owls Meyburg, B.-U & R. D. Chancellor eds. 1989 Raptors in the Modern World WWGBP: Berlin, London & Paris 6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 7Barbastella barbastellus, Jens Rydell and Wiesław Bogdanowicz, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 557, pp. 1-8 (1997) 8Contribution to the study of the diet of four owl species (Aves, Strigiformes) from mainland and island areas of Greece, Haralambos Alivizatos, Vassilis Goutner and Stamatis Zogaris, Belg. J. Zool., 135 (2) : 109-118 9Eptesicus nilssonii, Jens Rydell, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 430, pp. 1-7 (1993) 10Avian and mammalian predators of shrews in Europe: regional differences, between-year and seasonal variation, and mortality due to predation, Erkki Korpimäki & Kai Norrdahl, Ann. Zool. Fennici 26:389-400. 1989 11Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990) 12The plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) is a keystone species for biodiversity on the Tibetan plateau, Andrew T. Smith and J. Marc Foggin, Animal Conservation (1999) 2, 235–240 13Phodopus campbelli, Patricia D. Ross, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 503, pp. 1-7 (1995) 14Rousettus egyptiacus, Gary G. Kwiecinski and Thomas A. Griffiths, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 611, pp. 1-9 (1999) 15Vespertilio murinus, Jens Rydell and Hans J. Baagøe, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 467, pp. 1-6 (1994) 16Vulpes rueppelli, Serge Larivière and Philip J. Seddon, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 678, pp. 1–5 (2001) 17Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 18International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011