Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Strigiformes > Strigidae > Strix > Strix aluco
 

Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Tawny Owl or Brown Owl (Strix aluco) is a stocky, medium-sized owl commonly found in woodlands across much of Eurasia. Its underparts are pale with dark streaks, and the upperparts are either brown or grey. Several of the eleven recognised subspecies have both variants. The nest is typically in a tree hole where it can protect its eggs and young against potential predators. This owl is non-migratory and highly territorial.
View Wikipedia Record: Strix aluco

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
11
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.07594
EDGE Score: 2.31015

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.05 lbs (475 g)
Female Weight [1]  1.16 lbs (524 g)
Male Weight [1]  426 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  23 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  3
Incubation [3]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  22 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alpi Carniche 48186 Italy  
Alte Valli Stura e Maira 103806 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo 90310 Italy  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Augszeme 51467 Latvia  
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve V 462837 Yunnan, China  
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
CANIGOU-CONQUES DE LA PRESTE 49975 France  
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA 62948 Spain  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Dalla Gola del Fiastrone al Monte Vettore 64008 Italy  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi 77549 Italy  
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS 60101 Spain  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
FORET DE HAGUENAU 47494 France  
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Foresta Umbra 51042 Italy    
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
HAUTES-VOSGES, HAUT-RHIN 58515 France  
HURDES 66675 Spain  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
LA VANOISE 132493 France  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese 61781 Italy  
Lacs de la forêt d'Orient 58255 France  
Les Ecrins 227201 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE ZUERA, CASTEJÓN DE VALDEJASA Y EL CASTELLAR 63037 Spain  
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL 79316 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Mátra 92599 Hungary  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
PUERTO PEÑA - LOS GOLONDRINOS 82543 Spain  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
SIERRA DE ALCUBIERRE 103846 Spain  
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA 131980 Spain  
SIERRA DE HORNACHUELOS 148342 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA MARIA - LOS VELEZ 55819 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRA SUBBETICA 79212 Spain  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA 201020 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA 88167 Spain  
SIERRAS DE TEJEDA, ALMIJARA Y ALHAMA 100440 Spain  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Vättern (östra) 158858 Sweden  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Al'manskija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3
Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi Italy B2, B3, C6
Bosutska forest Serbia A1, B1i, B2, B3
Brycalavičskaja Pušča Belarus B2, B3
Buzulukski forest Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains Ukraine B2, B3
Central part of Zagori and Mount Mitsikeli Greece B2, B3, C6
Crimean Nature Reserve Ukraine A1, B2, B3
Dobron forest Romania B2, B3
Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains Greece A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Foreste Casentinesi Italy B2, B3, C6
Gorgany Ukraine B2, B3
Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Lower Urushten river Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Mid Prypiac' Belarus A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mount Olympos Greece A3, B2, B3, C6
Mountain Voras (Kaimaktchalan) Greece B2, B3, C6
Mountains of Barcelona Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Prypiackija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3
Trebonsko (Trebon region) Czech Republic A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Vyhanaščanskija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)[5]
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)[5]
Barbastella barbastellus (western barbastelle)[6]
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)[5]
Carduelis cannabina (Common Linnet)[5]
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)[5]
Carduelis chloris (European Greenfinch)[5]
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)[5]
Carduelis spinus (Eurasian Siskin)[5]
Clethrionomys glareolus (Bank vole)[5]
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)[5]
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)[5]
Eptesicus nilssoni (northern bat)[7]
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)[5]
Fringilla montifringilla (Brambling)[5]
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)[5]
Microtus agrestis (field vole)[5]
Microtus arvalis (common vole)[5]
Myocastor coypus (nutria)[8]
Parus major (Great Tit)[5]
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)[5]
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)[5]
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)[5]
Poecile montanus (Willow Tit)[5]
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)[5]
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)[5]
Rana temporaria (European frog)[5]
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)[5]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[5]
Talpa europaea (European Mole)[5]
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)[5]
Vespertilio murinus (particolored bat)[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)5
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)12
Aeshna cyanea (Southern Hawker Dragonfly)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Anax imperator (Emperor Dragonfly )2
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)5
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)3
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)21
Athene noctua (Little Owl)3
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)4
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)6
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)6
Ciconia nigra (Black Stork)1
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)4
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)2
Circus pygargus (Montagu's Harrier)1
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)5
Corvus cornix (Hooded crow)1
Dendrocopos major (Great Spotted Woodpecker)6
Dolomedes fimbriatus (Raft Spider)1
Dytiscus marginalis (Predaceous diving beetle)2
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)1
Falco columbarius (Merlin)10
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)4
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)4
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Glaucidium passerinum (Eurasian Pygmy Owl)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)2
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)2
Ichthyosaura alpestris (Alpine Newt)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)4
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)4
Lissotriton helveticus (Palmate Newt)1
Martes foina (Beech Marten)1
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)1
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)15
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)5
Mustela erminea (Ermine)6
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)6
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)4
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)3
Natrix tessellata (Dice Snake)1
Nepa cinerea (Water Scorpion)2
Nyctalus lasiopterus (giant noctule)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)2
Rhinechis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)2
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)2
Surnia ulula (Northern Hawk-Owl)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)5
Vipera latastei (Lataste’s Viper)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)6
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)9

Providers

Shelter 
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Baruscapillaria cylindrica <Unverified Name>[10]
Baruscapillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylaima fuscatus[10]
Capillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria strigis <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria tenuissima <Unverified Name>[10]
Centrorhynchus aluconis[10]
Centrorhynchus buteonis[10]
Centrorhynchus globocaudatus[10]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[11]
Ceratophyllus garei[11]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus insularis[11]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus[11]
Choanotaenia strigeum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium agnatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[10]
Echinostoma apiculatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinostoma revolutum[10]
Neodiplostomum attenuatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum canaliculatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum cochleare <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum marchelloides <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum spathoides <Unverified Name>[10]
Ornithocapillaria cylindrica <Unverified Name>[10]
Paruterina candelabraria <Unverified Name>[10]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[10]
Porrocaecum spirale <Unverified Name>[10]
Procyrnea leptoptera <Unverified Name>[10]
Procyrnea seurati <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[10]
Spirocerca lupi[10]
Strigea falconis[10]
Strigea strigis <Unverified Name>[10]
Thominx contorta <Unverified Name>[10]
Thominx tenuissima <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Assiniboine Park Zoosylvatica
Beale Park
 sylvatica
Bird Park Marlow
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
International Centre for Birds of Prey
 sylvatica
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnaluco
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantesaluco
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzaluco
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Moscow Zoological Park
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
National SEA LIFE Centre
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opolealuco
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Olmense Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Ouwehand Zoo
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Ranua Wildlife Park
Riga Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Saitama Children's Zoo
Seneca Park Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Tallinn Zoo
The Hawk Conservancysylvatica
The Raptor Foundation
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tropical Butterfly House
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wilhelma Zoo
World Owl Trustsylvatica
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de La Flechesylvatica
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
 sylvatica
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenaluco

Range Map

Link to Map

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Niels Krabbe

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2005-09-28, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Kemp, AC. 1989. Estimation of Biological Indices for Little-known African Owls Meyburg, B.-U & R. D. Chancellor eds. 1989 Raptors in the Modern World WWGBP: Berlin, London & Paris 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Ecology of Commanster 6Barbastella barbastellus, Jens Rydell and Wiesław Bogdanowicz, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 557, pp. 1-8 (1997) 7Eptesicus nilssonii, Jens Rydell, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 430, pp. 1-7 (1993) 8Myocastor coypus, Charles A. Woods, Luis Contreras, Gale Willner-Chapman, and Howard P. Whidden, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 398, pp. 1-8 (1992) 9Vespertilio murinus, Jens Rydell and Hans J. Baagøe, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 467, pp. 1-6 (1994) 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2