Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Strigiformes > Strigidae > Ninox > Ninox novaeseelandiae
 

Ninox novaeseelandiae (Morepork)

Wikipedia Abstract

The morepork (Ninox novaeseelandiae), also called the Tasmanian spotted owl, is a small brown owl found throughout New Zealand and Tasmania.
View Wikipedia Record: Ninox novaeseelandiae

Infraspecies

Ninox novaeseelandiae albaria (Lord Howe Island morepork)
Ninox novaeseelandiae leucopsis (Tasmanian boobook hawk owl) (Attributes)
Ninox novaeseelandiae novaeseelandiae (Boobook hawk owl/Morepork) (Attributes)
Ninox novaeseelandiae undulata (Norfolk Island morepork)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.72812
EDGE Score: 1.74539

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  175 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  70 %
Forages - Aerial [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  34 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  29 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantebury-Otago tussock grasslands New Zealand Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gibson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Sandy-Tanami desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nelson Coast temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
New Guinea mangroves Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Mangroves
Norfolk Island subtropical forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
North Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Rakiura Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Island montane grasslands New Zealand Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Bald Rock National Park II 21998 New South Wales, Australia
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Prince Regent River Nature Reserve Ia 1428602 Western Australia, Australia  
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
South Taupo Wetland   North Island, New Zealand      
Stirling Range National Park II 281371 Western Australia, Australia
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Cercartetus lepidus (Tasmanian Pygmy Possum)[5]
Hemideina thoracica (Common tree weta)[6]
Mus musculus (house mouse)[6]
Mystacina tuberculata (New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat)[7]
Odontria xanthosticta[6]
Prionoplus reticularis (Huhu (grub)/Tunga rere (beetle))[6]
Rattus exulans (Polynesian rat)[6]
Rattus rattus (black rat)[6]
Tetrorea cilipes[6]
Xuthodes punctipennis[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)1
Austrelaps labialis (Pygmy Copperhead)1
Austrelaps superbus (Lowlands Copperhead, Copperhead Snake)2
Boiga irregularis (Brown catsnake, Brown Tree Snake)1
Circus approximans (Swamp Harrier)1
Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra)1
Dasyurus maculatus (Tiger Quoll)1
Dasyurus viverrinus (Eastern Quoll)1
Elanus caeruleus (Black-winged Kite)1
Falco novaeseelandiae (New Zealand Falcon)1
Hoplocephalus bungaroides (Broad-headed Snake)1
Macroderma gigas (Australian false vampire bat)1
Ninox boobook (Southern Boobook)1
Notechis scutatus (Mainland Tiger Snake)1
Oxyuranus microlepidotus (Fierce Snake, Inland Taipan)1
Oxyuranus scutellatus (scutellatus)1
Suta suta (Curl Snake, Myal Snake)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)2
Tyto novaehollandiae (Australian Masked Owl)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Allodapa suctoria <Unverified Name>[8]
Centrorhynchus bancrofti[9]
Excisa biloba <Unverified Name>[8]
Haemoproteus noctuae <Unverified Name>[8]
Hamatospiculum mcneilli <Unverified Name>[8]
Kurodaia cryptostigmatia[8]
Leucocytozoon danilewskyi <Unverified Name>[8]
Lissonema brevicaudata <Unverified Name>[8]
Microtetrameres ninoctis <Unverified Name>[8]
Microtetrameres raptoris <Unverified Name>[8]
Ornithomya fuscipennis[8]
Procyrnea dollfusi <Unverified Name>[8]
Synhimantus laticeps <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alice Springs Desert Parkocellata
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Blackbrook Zoological Parkocellata
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Hamilton Zoonovaeseelandiae
International Centre for Birds of Prey
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
National SEA LIFE Centre
Natureland Zoological Parknovaeseelandiae
Olmense Zoo
Orana Wildlife Parknovaeseelandiae
Perth Zoological Gardensocellata
Shaldon Wildlife Trust
The Hawk Conservancy
Wellington Zoo Trust
 novaeseelandiae
Wingham Wildlife Park
World Owl Trust

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1New Zealand Department of Conservation
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Kemp, AC. 1989. Estimation of Biological Indices for Little-known African Owls Meyburg, B.-U & R. D. Chancellor eds. 1989 Raptors in the Modern World WWGBP: Berlin, London & Paris
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Cercartetus lepidus (Diprotodontia: Burramyidae), JAMIE M. HARRIS, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 842:1–8 (2009)
6The diet of moreporks (Ninox novaeseelandiae) in relation to prey availability, and their roost site characteristics and breeding success on Ponui Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand., Kirsty Marie Denny, A thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Ecology at Massey University, Albany New Zealand. (2009)
7Mystacina tuberculata, Gerald G. Carter and Daniel K. Riskin, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 790, pp. 1-8 (2006)
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access