Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba > Columba larvata
 

Columba larvata (Lemon Dove; African Lemon Dove)

Synonyms: Aplopelia larvata

Wikipedia Abstract

The lemon dove or cinnamon dove (Columba larvata) is a bird species in the pigeon family (Columbidae). It differs from the other African pigeons of the genus Columba by its terrestrial habits and the white face and forehead of adult males; it is therefore sometimes separated in the genus Aplopelia. Some treat the Gulf of Guinea populations (São Tomé lemon-dove) as a separate species C. simplex (or A. simplex), others as subspecies of C. larvata.
View Wikipedia Record: Columba larvata

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
14
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.3065
EDGE Score: 2.51013

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  148 grams
Birth Weight [1]  7.8 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Burko Catchment Forest Reserve 1342 Tanzania  
Chome Catchment Forest Reserve IV 34897 Tanzania  
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Losiminguri Forest Reserve 14815 Tanzania  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Monduli Forest Reserve 21687 Tanzania  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Pigeon Valley Nature Reserve 25 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa      
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      
Virginia Bush Nature Reserve 94 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Mafinga Mountains Zambia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Croton macrostachyus[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)1
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access