Animalia > Mollusca > Cephalopoda > Octopoda > Octopodoidea > Enteroctopodidae > Enteroctopus > Enteroctopus dofleini

Enteroctopus dofleini (North Pacific giant octopus)

Synonyms: Enteroctopus dofleini subsp. apollyon; Enteroctopus dofleini subsp. dofleini; Enteroctopus dofleini subsp. martini; Octopus apollyon; Octopus dofleini; Octopus gilbertianus; Octopus punctatus; Paroctopus asper; Paroctopus dofleini; Polypus apollyon

Wikipedia Abstract

Enteroctopus dofleini, also known as the giant Pacific octopus or North Pacific giant octopus, is a large marine cephalopod belonging to the genus Enteroctopus. Its spatial distribution includes the coastal North Pacific, along California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, Alaska, Russia, northern Japan, and Korea. It can be found from the intertidal zone down to 2,000 m (6,600 ft), and is best adapted to cold, oxygen-rich water. It is arguably the largest octopus species, based on a scientific record of a 71-kg (156-lb) individual weighed live. The alternative contender is the seven-arm octopus (Haliphron atlanticus) based on a 61-kg (134-lb) carcass estimated to have a live mass of 75 kg (165 lb). However, a number of questionable size records would suggest E. dofleini is the largest
View Wikipedia Record: Enteroctopus dofleini


Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Coastal

Prey / Diet

Acantholithodes hispidus (spiny lithode crab)[2]
Ameritella carpenteri (Carpenter tellin)[2]
Austrolittorina cincta (Sitka periwinkle)[2]
Cancer productus (red rock crab)[2]
Chlamys hastata (spiny scallop)[2]
Chlamys rubida (reddish scallop)[2]
Clinocardium nuttallii (Nuttall cockle)[3]
Crassadoma gigantea (giant rock-scallop)[2]
Cryptolithodes sitchensis (umbrella crab)[2]
Enteroctopus dofleini (North Pacific giant octopus)[2]
Gari californica (California sunsetclam)[2]
Glebocarcinus oregonensis (pygmy rock crab)[2]
Glycymeris septentrionalis (northern bittersweet)[3]
Haliotis kamchatkana <Unverified Name>[2]
Haliotis kamtschatkana (pinto abalone)[3]
Humilaria kennerleyi (Kennerley venus)[2]
Hyas lyratus (Pacific lyre crab)[2]
Leukoma staminea (Pacific littleneck)[2]
Lophopanopeus bellus (blackclaw crestleg crab)[2]
Macoma inquinata (pointed macoma)[2]
Macoma nasuta (bent-nose macoma)[2]
Metacarcinus gracilis (graceful crab)[2]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[3]
Modiolus rectus (fan horsemussel)[2]
Mya truncata (truncate softshell)[2]
Mytilus californianus (California mussel)[2]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[2]
Neverita lewisii (Lewis's moon snail)[3]
Nucella emarginata (emarginate dogwinkle)[3]
Nucella lima (file dogwinkle)[3]
Oregonia gracilis (graceful decorator crab)[2]
Phyllolithodes papillosus (heart crab)[2]
Polinices lewiss <Unverified Name>[2]
Pugettia gracilis (graceful kelp crab)[2]
Pugettia producta (northern kelp crab)[2]
Pugettia venetiae (Venice kelp crab)[3]
Saxidomus gigantea (Washington butterclam)[2]
Semele rubropicta (rose-painted semele)[2]
Semibalanus cariosus (thatched barnacle)[2]
Solen sicarius (sickle jackknife)[2]
Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Green sea urchin)[2]
Tonicella lineata (Lined red chiton)[2]
Trichotropis cancellata (cancellate hairysnail)[2]


Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)[4]
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)[3]
Berardius bairdii (Baird's Beaked Whale)[3]
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)[3]
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)[2]
Enteroctopus dofleini (North Pacific giant octopus)[2]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[3]
Homo sapiens (man)[3]
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)[3]
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)[3]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[3]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[3]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[2]
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)[2]
Pycnopodia helianthoides (Sunflower sea star)[3]
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]


Parasitized by 
Dicyemennea brevicephala[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
John Ball Zoological Garden
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Newport Aquarium
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Diet of Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, in the Gulf of Alaska, Mei-Sun Yang and Benjamin N. Page, Fish. Bull. 97:406–409 (1999)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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