Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sturnidae > Acridotheres > Acridotheres fuscus
 

Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) is a myna, a member of the starling family.
View Wikipedia Record: Acridotheres fuscus

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Acridotheres fuscus is native to India and south-east Asia and is now established in many Pacific islands. Acridotherea can be translated as “grasshopper hunter” - presumably an indication of its major food source in some parts of its native region. It is perceived as a problem to agricultural sectors dependant on crops. Both rural villages and urban areas are at risk of invasion. They feed off rubbish and food scraps and nest in any available spaces in houses and buildings. This behaviour and their close association with human habitations combine to cause a wide variety of problems for humans.
View ISSG Record: Acridotheres fuscus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
9
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.99166
EDGE Score: 1.09583

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  83 grams
Clutch Size [2]  4

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Daranghati Sanctuary IV 8190 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Nong Plak Phraya - Khao Raya Bang Sa Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thale Sap Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)1
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)1
Aethopyga saturata (Black-throated Sunbird)1
Alcippe peracensis (Mountain Fulvetta)1
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)1
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)1
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)1
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)1
Columba elphinstonii (Nilgiri Wood Pigeon)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Corvus splendens (House Crow)2
Cuculus varius (common hawk-cuckoo)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)1
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum ignipectus (Fire-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Gracupica contra (Pied Myna)1
Hylobates hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Hylobates pileatus (pileated gibbon)1
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Lacedo pulchella (Banded Kingfisher)1
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)1
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)1
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)1
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima incognita (Moustached Barbet)1
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)1
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)1
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)1
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)1
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)1
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Yellow-throated Bulbul)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)1
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)1
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)1
Rousettus leschenaulti (Leschenault's rousette)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)2
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)1
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1
Viverricula indica (Small Indian Civet)1
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Ragunan Zoological Parkjavanicus
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenjavanicus

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1ALI, S. & S.D. RIPLEY (1983): Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi. 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011