Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sturnidae > Acridotheres > Acridotheres ginginianus

Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)

Wikipedia Abstract

Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus), called "Sharak" in Punjabi, is a myna found in South Asia. It is smaller but similar in colouration to the common myna but differs in having a brick red bare skin behind the eye in place of yellow. It is greyer on the underside and in this and in the presence of a slight tuft of feathers bears some resemblance to the jungle myna. They are found in flocks on the plains of northern and central India, often within towns and cities. Their range appears to be extending southwards in India. The name is derived from their habit of nesting almost exclusively in the earthen banks of rivers where they excavate holes and breed in large colonies.
View Wikipedia Record: Acridotheres ginginianus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.99783
EDGE Score: 1.38575


Adult Weight [1]  72 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  5
Incubation [3]  13 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary IV 137833 Pakistan  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Desert National Park II 672840 Rajasthan, India  
Gajner Game Reserve   Rajasthan, India  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Nargu Sanctuary IV 70769 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[5]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cuculus varius (common hawk-cuckoo)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Galloperdix spadicea (Red Spurfowl)1
Gracupica contra (Pied Myna)1
Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Black Bulbul)2
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)2
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)2
Ocyceros gingalensis (Sri Lankan Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)2
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Yellow-throated Bulbul)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)2
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tephrodornis pondicerianus (Common Woodshrike)1
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)2
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Viverricula indica (Small Indian Civet)1
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)1
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1


Parasitized by 
Dendrouterina fotedari <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplotriaena tricuspis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis magna <Unverified Name>[6]
Pentorchis shindei <Unverified Name>[6]
Vampirolepis deogiriensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Variolepis planestici <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Mill Mountain Zoo
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen




Attributes / relations provided by
1ALI, S. & S.D. RIPLEY (1983): Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access