Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Acrocephalidae > Acrocephalus > Acrocephalus palustris
 

Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Marsh Warbler (Acrocephalus palustris) is an Old World warbler currently classified in the family Acrocephalidae. It breeds in temperate Europe and western Asia and winters mainly in south east Africa. It is notable for incorporating striking imitations of a wide variety of other birds into its song. The Marsh Warbler breeds in a variety of mostly damp habitats, but in Africa winters mainly in dry, well-vegetated areas.
View Wikipedia Record: Acrocephalus palustris

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.3532
EDGE Score: 1.99514

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  12 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1.9 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [4]  Intercontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mascarene forests France, Mauritius Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ALYKI KITROUS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 3560 Greece  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
BOUCLES DE LA MARNE 6526 France  
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella 7967 Italy  
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella 11085 Italy  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara 3862 Italy  
Chesil and the Fleet 4032 England, United Kingdom
Colli Euganei - Monte Lozzo - Monte Ricco 37303 Italy  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DELTA EVROU 31031 Greece  
DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS 24359 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA 36139 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Daan Viljoen Game Park II 9924 Namibia  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Delta del Po 61806 Italy  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Es Trenc-Salobrar de Campos 3564 Spain  
Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine 46555 France  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
FORETS ET ZONES HUMIDES DU PAYS DE SPINCOURT 31328 France  
Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino 34859 Italy  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Foret Domaniale du Circeo State Nature Reserve IV 4785 Italy  
Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain 37827 France  
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
KORYFES OROUS VORA 99917 Greece  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Koiva-Mustjõe luha 7856 Estonia  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
LA VANOISE 132493 France  
LAC DE MADINE ET ETANGS DE PANNES 3736 France  
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA 45016 Greece  
Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna 3981 Italy  
Lago di Varese 4295 Italy  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Lukajno Lake Reserve Biosphere Reserve 3484 Poland  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Medio Taro 9415 Italy  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
NOTIODYTIKI CHERSONISOS, APOLITHOMENO DASOS LESVOU 71214 Greece    
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Nylsvley Nature Reserve IV 7698 Limpopo, South Africa
OROS OLYMPOS LESVOU 36542 Greece  
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA 64079 Greece  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Regionale Oglio Sud 9941 Italy  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Po di Primaro e Bacini di Traghetto 3548 Italy  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Pyhäjärvi 37800 Finland  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
VALLEE DU RHIN D'ARTZENHEIM A VILLAGE-NEUF 12093 France  
VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS: DIONYSADES, ELASA KAI CHERSONISOS SIDERO (AKRA MAVRO MOURI - VAI - AKRA 32303 Greece    
Val Ferret 22437 Italy  
Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione 5162 Italy  
Valle del Mezzano, Valle Pega 46611 Italy  
Valli Mirandolesi 6739 Italy  
Valli del Mincio 4814 Italy  
Valli di Argenta 7178 Italy  
Valli di Comacchio 41464 Italy  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia 17848 Italy  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Buzulukski forest Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Caorle lagoon Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Karabash-Kudashskaya forest-steppe Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2, B3
Lake Candia Italy B3
Mzha river valley Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden Austria B3, C6
River Po from Dora Baltea mouth to Scrivia mouth Italy B2, B3, C2, C6
River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Abax pilleri[5]
Adelphocoris quadripunctatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryphoeca silvicola[5]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[5]
Yponomeuta evonymella (Full-spotted Ermel Moth)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aegithalos caudatus (Long-tailed Bushtit)1
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)1
Amaurobius similis (Lace webbed spider)1
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)3
Anthus spinoletta (Water Pipit)3
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)4
Apus apus (Common Swift)2
Araneus diadematus (Cross garden spider)1
Araneus quadratus (Spider)1
Athene noctua (Little Owl)1
Blepharidopterus angulatus (Black-kneed Capsid)1
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)3
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Certhia brachydactyla (Short-toed Treecreeper)2
Certhia familiaris (Eurasian Treecreeper)3
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)1
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)1
Coloeus monedula (Western Jackdaw)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)2
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)3
Delichon urbicum (Common house-martin and northern house-martin)1
Dendrocopos medius (Middle Spotted Woodpecker)1
Emberiza citrinella (Yellowhammer)1
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)2
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)1
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)1
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)1
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)2
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)1
Itoplectis alternans1
Itoplectis maculator1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)3
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Larinioides cornutus (Furrow Orbweaver)1
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)3
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)3
Lullula arborea (Woodlark)1
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)1
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)1
Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail)2
Muscicapa striata (Spotted Flycatcher)1
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)2
Parus major (Great Tit)3
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)2
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)2
Phoenicurus ochruros (Black Redstart)1
Phoenicurus phoenicurus (Common Redstart)3
Phylloscopus collybita (Common Chiffchaff)3
Phylloscopus sibillatrix (Wood Warbler)3
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)3
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)2
Pimpla turionellae1
Pisaura mirabilis (Tent Spider)1
Poecile montanus (Willow Tit)2
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)2
Prunella modularis (Dunnock)2
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)1
Rana temporaria (European frog)2
Regulus ignicapilla (Firecrest)1
Regulus regulus (Goldcrest)3
Rhagio lineola (Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio scolopaceus (Downlooker Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio tringarius (Marsh Snipe Fly)1
Saxicola rubetra (Whinchat)2
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)2
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)2
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)1
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)1
Thereva nobilitata (Common Stiletto)1
Trachyzelotes pedestris1
Troglodytes troglodytes (Winter Wren)3
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)2
Turdus torquatus (Ring Ouzel)1
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)1
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)2
Vespa crabro (European hornet)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Xysticus cristatus (Wandering Crab Spider)1
Xysticus erraticus1
Zelotes latreillei1

Providers

Shelter 
Filipendula ulmaria (Meadowsweet)[5]
Tanacetum vulgare (Tansy)[5]
Urtica dioica (California nettle)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Leucochloridium phragmitophila <Unverified Name>[6]

Distribution

Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5Ecology of Commanster 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access