Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Alophoixus > Alophoixus finschii

Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

Finsch's bulbul (Alophoixus finschii) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. The common name and scientific name commemorate the German ethnographer, naturalist and colonial explorer Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch (8 August 1839 - 31 January 1917, Braunschweig).
View Wikipedia Record: Alophoixus finschii

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.89398
EDGE Score: 2.87852


Adult Weight [1]  24 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary IV 101344 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus binnendykii[3]
Ficus caulocarpa[3]
Ficus microcarpa (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus obscura[3]
Ficus parietalis[3]
Ficus pellucidopunctata[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)2
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)5
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)7
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)7
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)5
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)3
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)4
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)5
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)6
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)7
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)7
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)5
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)5
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)5
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)6
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)4
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)6
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)6
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)4
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)6
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)7
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)4
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)7
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)4
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)5
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)7
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanoleucos (black-and-white bulbul)2
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Straw-headed Bulbul)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)4
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)2
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)2
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)4
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)3
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)6
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)4
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)5




Attributes / relations provided by
1Medway, Lord 1972. The Gunung Benom Expedition 1967. 6. The distribution and altitudinal zonation of birds and mammals on Gunung Benom. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), 23, 103–154
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access