Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Arizelocichla > Arizelocichla tephrolaema

Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)

Synonyms: Andropadus tephrolaemus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.288
EDGE Score: 2.42374


Adult Weight [1]  32 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  33 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  33 %
Forages - Understory [2]  33 %
Clutch Size [3]  2


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Gashaka-Gumti National Park II 1663019 Nigeria  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Losiminguri Forest Reserve 14815 Tanzania  
Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve 144452 Malawi  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bakossi mountains Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bali-Ngemba Forest Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Basilé Peak National Park Equatorial Guinea A1, A2
Gashaka-Gumti National Park Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Luba Caldera Scientific Reserve Equatorial Guinea A1, A2
Mbi Crater Faunal Reserve: Mbingo forest Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mont Bana Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mont Manengouba Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mont Nlonako Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Kupe Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Mbam Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Oku Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Ngel-Nyaki Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Njinsing: Tabenken Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Obudu Plateau Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Tchabal Mbabo Cameroon A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus lutea (West African rubbertree)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)2
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Nesocharis shelleyi (Shelley's Oliveback)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Piliocolobus badius (western red colobus)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Range Map

Takamanda Forest Reserve;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access