Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sturnidae > Aplonis > Aplonis panayensis
 

Aplonis panayensis (Asian Glossy Starling)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Asian glossy starling (Aplonis panayensis) is a species of starling in the family Sturnidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan (introduced) and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests. There is also a huge number of this species inhabiting towns and cities, where they take refuge in abandoned buildings and trees. They often move in large groups and are considered one of the noisiest species of birds. \n* Asian glossy starling \n* \n* \n* \n*
View Wikipedia Record: Aplonis panayensis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
14
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.07329
EDGE Score: 1.40445

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  56 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  30 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [4]  7 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nicobar Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bako National Park II 9035 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park II 770291 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Bunaken Manado Tua Marine National Park II 241403 Indonesia  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Gunung Gading National Park II 10840 Sarawak, Malaysia
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hat Nopharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park Marine National Park II 98578 Thailand
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Lore Lindu National Park II 577959 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Mu Ko Libong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Mu Ko Similan Marine National Park II 31245 Thailand    
Mu Ko Surin National Park Marine National Park II 39278 Thailand    
Nong Thung Thong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tarutao National Park Marine National Park II 312077 Thailand  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Caryota mitis (Burmese fishtail palm)[4]
Cayratia trifolia (threeleaf cayratia)[4]
Cyrtophyllum fragrans (Tembusu)[4]
Endospermum diadenum[4]
Eugenia polyanthus[4]
Ficus fistulosa[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[5]
Leucosyke capitellata[4]
Morinda citrifolia[4]
Pipturus argenteus[4]
Scaevola sericea (beach naupaka)[4]
Tinospora glabra[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Full list (129)
Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agropsar sturninus (Daurian Starling)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)2
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Birdland Park & Gardens
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
North of England Zoological Society
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parque De La Naturaleza Selwo (GRPR)
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Rand, LA & Rabor, DS (1960) Birds of the Philippine islands: Siquijor, Mount Malindang, Bohol, and Samar. Fieldiana: Zoology, 35, 221–441
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access