Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Balearica > Balearica regulorum

Balearica regulorum (Grey Crowned Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The grey crowned crane (Balearica regulorum) is a bird in the crane family Gruidae. It occurs in dry savannah in Africa south of the Sahara, although it nests in somewhat wetter habitats. They can also be found in marshes, cultivated lands and grassy flatlands near rivers and lakes in Uganda and Kenya and as far south as South Africa. This animal does not migrate due to the perfect climate it inhabits. There are two subspecies. The East African B. r. gibbericeps (crested crane) occurs in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in Uganda, of which it is the national bird represented in its national flag, and Kenya to eastern South Africa. It has a larger area of bare red facial skin above the white patch than the smaller nominate species, B. r. regulorum (South African crowned
View Wikipedia Record: Balearica regulorum


Balearica regulorum gibbericeps (East African grey-crowned crane)
Balearica regulorum regulorum (South African grey-crowned crane)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Balearica regulorum

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.0682
EDGE Score: 4.64962


Adult Weight [1]  8.32 lbs (3.77 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  152 grams
Female Maturity [3]  3 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Diet - Plants [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [4]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  27 years
Wing Span [6]  5.2 feet (1.6 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No

Emblem of


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardensgibbericeps
Africa Alive!
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Al Ain Zooregulorum
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Alameda Park Zoogibbericeps
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Frieslandgibbericeps
Assiniboine Park Zoogibbericeps
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoogibbericeps
Bellewaerde Park
Binder Park Zoogibbericeps
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardensgibbericeps
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Blackpool Zoogibbericeps
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moinesgibbericeps
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatgibbericeps
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoogibbericeps
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardengibbericeps
Burger's Zoogibbericeps
Caldwell Zoogibbericeps
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Parkgibbericeps
Cameron Park Zoogibbericeps
Cape May County Park Zoogibbericeps
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chehaw Wild Animal Parkgibbericeps
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoogibbericeps
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoogibbericeps
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumgibbericeps
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensgibbericeps
Cougar Mountain Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoogibbericeps
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiagibbericeps
Denver Zoological Gardensgibbericeps
Detroit Zoological Societygibbericeps
Dickerson Park Zoogibbericeps
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Emmengibbericeps
Dierenpark Wisselgibbericeps
Disney's Animal Kingdomgibbericeps
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Exmoor Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTDgibbericeps
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Folly Farm Leisure Ltdgibbericeps
Fort Wayne Children's Zoogibbericeps
Fresno Chaffee Zoogibbericeps
Gladys Porter Zoogibbericeps
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granbygibbericeps
Great Plains Zoogibbericeps
Greater Vancouver Zoogibbericeps
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkingibbericeps
Harewood Bird Garden at Leedsgibbericeps
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoogibbericeps
Indianapolis Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardensgibbericeps
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Jászberény Zool.& Botanical Gardengibbericeps
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoogibbericeps
Kansas City Zoogibbericeps
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark ABgibbericeps
Kyiv Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lee Richardson Zoogibbericeps
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.gibbericeps
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburggibbericeps
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)gibbericeps
Linton Zoological Gardensgibbericeps
Little Rock Zoological Gardensgibbericeps
Longleat Safari Parkgibbericeps
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensgibbericeps
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Gardengibbericeps
Magnetic Hill Zoogibbericeps
Maktoum Wildlife Centregibbericeps
Marwell Wildlifegibbericeps
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunngibbericeps
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoogibbericeps
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzezaregulorum
Minnesota Zoological Gardengibbericeps
Mitchell Park Zooregulorum
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nashville Zoo at Grassmeregibbericeps
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Natural Encounters, Inc.gibbericeps
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)gibbericeps
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Councilgibbericeps
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Odense Zoologiske Havegibbericeps
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opolegibbericeps
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoogibbericeps
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zooregulorum
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuarygibbericeps
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleuxgibbericeps
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.gibbericeps
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)gibbericeps
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)gibbericeps
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo Punta Verdegibbericeps
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowiegibbericeps
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna ABgibbericeps
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosagibbericeps
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limitedgibbericeps
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sadgibbericeps
Phoenix Zoogibbericeps
Pueblo Zoogibbericeps
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Reid Park Zoogibbericeps
Riga Zoogibbericeps
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardengibbericeps
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventuregibbericeps
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Romaregulorum
Rostock Zoologischer Gartengibbericeps
Rotterdam Zooregulorum
Safari Westgibbericeps
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunngibbericeps
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquargibbericeps
San Diego Wild Animal Parkgibbericeps
San Francisco Zoological Gardensgibbericeps
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardensgibbericeps
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoogibbericeps
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Scovill Zoogibbericeps
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangered
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.gibbericeps
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Taipei Zooregulorum
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardensgibbericeps
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbHgibbericeps
Toledo Zoological Gardensgibbericeps
Topeka Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Toronto Zoo
Trotter's World of Animalsgibbericeps
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoogibbericeps
Umgeni River Bird Park
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Virginia Zoological Parkgibbericeps
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centregibbericeps
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munstergibbericeps
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelgibbericeps
Wildlife Safari Incgibbericeps
Wildlife World Zoogibbericeps
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCregulorum
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebgibbericeps
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlantagibbericeps
Zoo d'Assongibbericeps
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Flecheregulorum
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbHgibbericeps
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.gibbericeps
Zoo Hannover GmbHregulorum
Zoo Landau in der Pfalzgibbericeps
Zoo of Acadianagibbericeps
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerezgibbericeps
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravagibbericeps
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomoucgibbericeps
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzengibbericeps
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckengibbericeps
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalgibbericeps
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.




Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Wildlife As Canon Sees It
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access