Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Icteridae > Cacicus > Cacicus chrysopterus

Cacicus chrysopterus (Golden-winged Cacique)

Wikipedia Abstract

The golden-winged cacique (Cacicus chrysopterus) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae.It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
View Wikipedia Record: Cacicus chrysopterus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.96449
EDGE Score: 1.78582


Adult Weight [1]  36 grams
Female Weight [1]  32 grams
Male Weight [1]  41 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  28.1 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  80 %
Clutch Size [3]  3
Incubation [3]  14 days
Migration [4]  Migratory


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estancia el Trebol   Paraguay      
Estancia Fortín Patria   Paraguay      
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Paso Bravo National Park 256207 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Alchornea glandulosa (tamanqueiro)[5]
Cabralea canjerana[5]
Plinia trunciflora[6]
Sloanea hirsuta subsp. hirsuta[5]
Tetrorchidium rubrivenium[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Cacicus haemorrhous (Red-rumped Cacique)2
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)1
Cyanerpes caeruleus (Purple Honeycreeper)1
Cyanocorax chrysops (Plush-crested Jay)1
Cyclarhis gujanensis (Rufous-browed Peppershrike)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)1
Empidonomus varius (Variegated Flycatcher)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)1
Myiarchus swainsoni (Swainson's Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Pyrrhura albipectus (White-breasted Parakeet)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)2
Pyrrhura hoematotis (Blood-eared Parakeet)1
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Saltator similis (Green-winged Saltator)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)2
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)1
Tangara guttata (Speckled Tanager)1
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)1
Tangara preciosa (Chestnut-backed Tanager)1
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)2
Triclaria malachitacea (Blue-bellied Parrot)1
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)2
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)2
Turdus rufiventris (Rufous-bellied Thrush)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1

Range Map


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Attributes / relations provided by
1Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2: Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 180 (1): 1-242.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Feeding ecology of two Cacicus species (Emberizidae, Icterinae), Marco Aurélio Pizo, Ararajuba 4(2):87-92
6Frugivoria realizada por aves em Myrciaria trunciflora (Mart) O. Berg. (Myrtaceae), Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) e Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. no norte do estado do Rio Grande do Sul; Juliano Colussi, e Nêmora Pauletti Prestes; Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(1):48-55
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
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