Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cardinalidae > Cardinalis > Cardinalis phoeniceus

Cardinalis phoeniceus (Vermilion Cardinal)

Wikipedia Abstract

The vermilion cardinal (Cardinalis phoeniceus) is a species in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae). It is found in Colombia and Venezuela. It is one of three species in the genus Cardinalis.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
View Wikipedia Record: Cardinalis phoeniceus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.16819
EDGE Score: 2.10025


Forages - Understory [1]  30 %
Forages - Ground [1]  70 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alta y Media Guajira Indigenous Reserve 2369998 La Guajira, Colombia      
Macizo Montañoso del Turimiquire Protective Zone 1334369 Venezuela  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Complejo de Humedales Costeros de la Guajira Colombia A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Eco-parque Los Besotes Colombia A1, A2, A3
Humedal Chacopata Venezuela A4i
Humedales Boca de Hueque y Sauca Venezuela A1, A2, A3, A4i  
Humedales Boca del Río Unare Venezuela A1, A3, A4i
Monumento Natural Laguna de las Marites Venezuela A4i
Parque Nacional Cerro El Copey Venezuela A3
Parque Nacional Laguna de La Restinga Venezuela A1, A2
Parque Nacional Médanos de Coro Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Mochima Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Morrocoy Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Macuira Colombia A1, A2, A3  
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre Cuare Venezuela A1, A2, A3, A4i
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Ciénaga de Los Olivitos Venezuela A1, A2, A4i
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Laguna de Boca de Caño Venezuela A4i

Prey / Diet

Lycium nodosum[2]
Melocactus curvispinus subsp. caesius[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Mimus gilvus (Tropical Mockingbird)1
Sublegatus modestus (Southern Scrub Flycatcher)1
Tiaris bicolor (Black-faced Grassquit)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Barranquilla Zoo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Poulin, B., G. Lefebvre and R. McNeil (1994) Diets of land birds from northeastern Venezuela Condor 96: 354-367
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access