Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pipridae > Chiroxiphia > Chiroxiphia linearis

Chiroxiphia linearis (Long-tailed Manakin)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The long-tailed manakin (Chiroxiphia linearis) is a species of bird in the Pipridae family. It is found in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and heavily degraded former forest.Large for a manakin, the long-tailed measures about 10 cm (3.9 in) long and weighs 18 g (0.63 oz).The male is mostly a rich black.
View Wikipedia Record: Chiroxiphia linearis


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.28688
EDGE Score: 1.66523


Adult Weight [1]  17.5 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests, Tropical evergreen forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests, Tropical evergreen forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  50 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  2


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Complejo San Marcelino Wildlife Refuge   El Salvador      
El Imposible National Park II 13459 El Salvador  
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve   Costa Rica  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Arenal Hill Nicaragua A1, A2
Atitlan Guatemala A1, A2, A3
Chocoyero: El Brujo: Montibelli and adjacent landscape Nicaragua A1, A3
Cinquera Forest El Salvador A3
Domitila Nicaragua A2, A3
El Imposible Forest El Salvador A3
El Jaguar Nicaragua A1, A2, A3
Escalante River-Chococente-Tecomapa Nicaragua A3
Guanacaste lowlands Costa Rica A1, A3
Miraflor Nicaragua A1, A2, A3
Mombacho Volcano Nicaragua A1, A2, A3
Nicoya Peninsula Costa Rica A1, A3, A4i
Quirragua Mountains and adjacent landscape Nicaragua A3
Río Sapo/Perquín El Salvador A2, A3
San Cristóbal-Casita-Chonco Volcanic Complex Nicaragua A2, A3
San Vicente Volcano El Salvador A2, A3
Santiaguito Volcano Guatemala A1, A2, A3
The Volcans and San Marcelino El Salvador A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Prey / Diet

Acnistus arborescens (hollowheart)[5]
Ardisia compressa[5]
Besleria formosa[5]
Blakea gracilis[5]
Casearia corymbosa[6]
Cecropia obtusifolia (guarumo)[5]
Cestrum megalophyllum[5]
Cestrum racemosum[5]
Conostegia icosandra[5]
Ficus aurea (Florida strangler fig)[7]
Ficus pertusa[7]
Hamelia patens (scarletbush)[5]
Hampea appendiculata[5]
Hasseltia floribunda[5]
Oreopanax oerstedianus[5]
Psychotria acuminata[5]
Psychotria galeottiana[5]
Solanum cordovense[5]
Viburnum costaricanum[5]
Witheringia solanacea[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)2
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)2
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)3
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)3
Attila spadiceus (Bright-rumped Attila)1
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)11
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Catharus aurantiirostris (Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Catharus gracilirostris (Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Catharus mexicanus (Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Catharus minimus (Grey-cheeked Thrush)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)3
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Chamaepetes unicolor (Black Guan)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)1
Chlorophonia callophrys (Golden-browed Chlorophonia)4
Chlorophonia occipitalis (Blue-crowned Chlorophonia)1
Choloepus hoffmanni (Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth)1
Cotinga amabilis (Lovely Cotinga)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Dacnis venusta (Scarlet-thighed Dacnis)1
Dermanura tolteca (Toltec fruit-eating bat)2
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)1
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)5
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)2
Euphonia laniirostris (Thick-billed Euphonia)1
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)2
Euphonia minuta (White-vented Euphonia)1
Habia fuscicauda (Red-throated Ant-Tanager)1
Habia rubica (Red-crowned Ant-Tanager)1
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)2
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)2
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)1
Lepidothrix coronata (Blue-crowned Manakin)2
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)2
Melanerpes aurifrons (Golden-fronted Woodpecker)4
Melanerpes hoffmannii (Hoffmann's Woodpecker)1
Melanerpes pygmaeus (Yucatan Woodpecker)1
Melanoptila glabrirostris (Black Catbird)1
Melozone leucotis (White-eared Ground-Sparrow)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)2
Myadestes melanops (Black-faced Solitaire)4
Myiarchus nuttingi (Nutting's Flycatcher)1
Myiarchus tuberculifer (Dusky-capped Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes luteiventris (Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)3
Patagioenas fasciata (Band-tailed Pigeon)4
Patagioenas leucocephala (White-crowned Pigeon)1
Pharomachrus mocinno (Resplendent Quetzal)3
Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak)1
Philander opossum (Gray Four-eyed Opossum)1
Piculus rubiginosus (Golden-olive Woodpecker)2
Pipra mentalis (Red-capped Manakin)1
Procnias tricarunculatus (Three-wattled Bellbird)3
Psilorhinus morio (Brown Jay)4
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Pyrrhura picta (Painted Parakeet)1
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)2
Saltator maximus (Buff-throated Saltator)1
Semnornis frantzii (Prong-billed Barbet)1
Spindalis zena (Western Spindalis)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)3
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)5
Trogon aurantiiventris (Orange-bellied Trogon)2
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)1
Trogon collaris (Collared Trogon)1
Trogon melanurus (Black-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus assimilis (White-throated Thrush)3
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)2
Turdus nigrescens (Sooty Thrush)1
Turdus plebejus (Mountain Thrush)9
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)1
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)1
Vampyriscus nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)1
Vireo flavoviridis (Yellow-green Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1SalvaNATURA - Programa de Monitoreo de Aves
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Tropical Fruit-Eating Birds and Their Food Plants: A Survey of a Costa Rican Lower Montane Forest, Nathaniel T. Wheelwright, William A. Haber, K. Greg Murray, Carlos Guindon, Biotropica Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep., 1984), pp. 173-192
6Fecundity and Seed Dispersal of a Tropical Tree, Henry F. Howe and Gayle A. Vande Kerckhove, Ecology, 60(1), 1979, pp. 180-189
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access