Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Ciconiiformes > Ciconiidae > Ciconia > Ciconia boyciana
 

Ciconia boyciana (Oriental Stork)

Synonyms: Ciconia ciconia boyciana

Wikipedia Abstract

The Oriental Stork (Ciconia boyciana) is a large, white bird with black wing feathers. It is closely related and resembles the European White Stork, of which it was formerly often treated as a subspecies. It is typically larger than the White Stork, at 100–129 cm (40–51 in) long, 110–150 cm ( ) tall, a weight of 2.8–5.9 kg ( ) and a wingspan of 2.22 m (7.3 ft). Unlike its more widespread cousin, the Oriental Stork has red skin around its eye, with a whitish iris and black bill.
View Wikipedia Record: Ciconia boyciana

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Ciconia boyciana

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
18
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
72
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.9628
EDGE Score: 4.78501

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  10.69 lbs (4.85 kg)
Clutch Size [2]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  48 years
Migration [3]  Intracontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bastak State Nature Reserve 226771 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bolonsky State Nature Reserve 256001 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Botchinsky State Nature Reserve 660710 Khabarovsk, Russia
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Khinganskiy State Nature Reserve 239873 Amur, Russia
Komsomolsky Zapovednik Ia 159168 Khabarovsk, Russia
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Norsky State Nature Reserve 521807 Amur, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes) China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Arkhara lowlands (including Khinganskiy Nature Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Bacha Dao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Bayan Obo Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Beidagang Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Bolon' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Buir Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Changbai Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Cheonsu Bay South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii  
Chongchon River estuary (including Mundok Nature Reserve) North Korea A1, A4i
Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Daedong Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Daeseongdong and Panmunjeom marshes South Korea A1
Dali Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Dashanzuizi China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Dongting Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Evoron-Chukchagirskoye depression Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Fenglin Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3
Gaoyou Hu China (mainland) A1, A4i
Geumho-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Gocheonam-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Guanting Reservoir China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Hala Hai China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Heiyupao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Heyang Huang He Wetlands Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Holqin Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Hong Hu Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Honghe Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Hukou Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Huma He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area Hong Kong A1, A4i, A4iii
Jiangkou Niaozhou Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Jingpo Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Kaifeng Liuyuankou Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Kangryong field North Korea A1
Keluo He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Khanka plain Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kievka and Chernaya river basins Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Lake Manpo and Lake Bonpo North Korea A1, A4i
Laodengshan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Laotieshan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iv
Longgan Hu Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Longtan Reservoir China (mainland) A1
Lower Tumen river Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Maoshan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Melmeg (Momege) Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Mengjin Huanghe Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Mount Chilbo North Korea A1, A3
Muraviovskiy Wildlife Refuge Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Nakdong-gang estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Nanweng He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Naoli He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Niuxintaobao China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park Philippines A1, A2
Nuomin-Bila He-Dayangshu China (mainland) A1
Ongjin Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Orqohan China (mainland) A1
Poyang Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Qihulin He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Qilihai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Qindeli Sturgeon Reserve China (mainland) A1
Qixing Lazi Siberian Tiger Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Sanjiang Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Shaobo Hu Lake Area China (mainland) A1, A4i
Shengjin Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Shijiu Hu (Anhui) China (mainland) A1, A4i
Shishankou Reservoir China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Sihong Wetland of Hongze Hu China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Sikhote-Alin' Nature Reserve Russia (Asian) A1, A3
Tailai Dongfanghong China (mainland) A1, A4i
Tuanbowa Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tumuji Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Ul'banskiy bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Upo swamp South Korea A1, A4i
Wafangdian Fuzhou Wan China (mainland) A1, A4i
Xianghai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Xunbiela He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Yalu Jiang Estuary China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yancheng Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yeongam-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i
Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Yueya Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Zhalong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Zhuanghe Coast China (mainland) A1

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No

Prey / Diet

Carassius auratus (Goldfish)[4]
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort)[4]
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Weather loach)[4]
Misgurnus fossilis (Weatherfish)[4]
Oocatochus rufodorsatus (Frog-eating Rat Snake)[4]
Pelophylax nigromaculatus (Dark-spotted Frog)[4]
Rana amurensis (Siberian wood frog)[4]
Rhynchocypris percnurus (Swamp minnow)[4]
Silurus asotus (Far Eastern catfish)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andrias japonicus (Japanese giant salamander)1
Grus japonensis (Red-crowned Crane)1
Haliaeetus leucogaster (White-bellied Sea Eagle)1
Mergus squamatus (Scaly-sided Merganser)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Moscow Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Saitama Children's Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Link to Map

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Oriental Stork, BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011