Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Corvus > Corvus enca
 

Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)

Wikipedia Abstract

The slender-billed crow (Corvus enca) is a Passerine bird of the Corvidae family, in the genus Corvus. The violet crow has been found to be distinct genetically and separated as Corvus violaceus.It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.
View Wikipedia Record: Corvus enca

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.61189
EDGE Score: 1.52864

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  251 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon tropical pine forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi montane rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park II 770291 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bunaken Manado Tua Marine National Park II 241403 Indonesia  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Danau Matano - Towuti Recreation Parks Nature Recreation Park V 96082 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Ambang Nature Reserve Ia 30987 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Manembo-nembo Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV 18731 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Lore Lindu National Park II 577959 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Ficus crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[3]
Ficus cucurbitina[3]
Ficus subcordata[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)2
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)1
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)3
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)3
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)1
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)1
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)1
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)3
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)4
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)3
Arctogalidia trivirgata (Small-toothed Palm Civet)1
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)4
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)1
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)1
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)2
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)4
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)4
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)4
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)4
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)4
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)3
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)4
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)1
Ducula aenea (Green Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)3
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)4
Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)1
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)4
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)2
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)1
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)4
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)4
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima incognita (Moustached Barbet)1
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)4
Megalaima oorti (Black-browed Barbet)1
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)2
Melanochlora sultanea (Sultan Tit)1
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)1
Penelopides panini (Tarictic Hornbill)1
Petaurista petaurista (red giant flying squirrel)1
Phapitreron amethystinus (Amethyst Brown Dove)1
Phapitreron leucotis (White-eared Brown Dove)1
Philentoma velata (Maroon-breasted flycatcher)1
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)2
Presbytis rubicunda (red leaf monkey)1
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)1
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)4
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)2
Sus barbatus (bearded pig)1
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)2
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)4
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)4
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)1
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)1
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)1
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)1

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Ripley, SD, and Rabor, DS 1958. Notes on a collection of birds from Mindoro Island, Philippines. Peabody Mus. Nat. Hist., Yale Univ., Bull. 13:1-83 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access