Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Paridae > Cyanistes > Cyanistes caeruleus
 

Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) is a small passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. The bird is easily recognisable by its blue and yellow plumage, but various authorities dispute their scientific classification.Eurasian blue tits, usually resident and non-migratory birds, are widespread and a common resident breeder throughout temperate and subarctic Europe and western Asia in deciduous or mixed woodlands with a high proportion of oak.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyanistes caeruleus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
11
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.43602
EDGE Score: 2.34526

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  10 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1.1 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [2]  7
Incubation [3]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Wing Span [3]  7 inches (.18 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Alte Valli Stura e Maira 103806 Italy  
Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo 90310 Italy  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA 62948 Spain  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS 60101 Spain  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
HURDES 66675 Spain  
Harsovska Reka 87546 Bulgaria  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Itäisen Suomenlahden saaristo ja vedet 236302 Finland    
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kresna Gordge 58059 Bulgaria  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
LLANOS DE ALCANTARA Y BROZAS 126519 Spain  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Ludogorie 225827 Bulgaria  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE ZUERA, CASTEJÓN DE VALDEJASA Y EL CASTELLAR 63037 Spain  
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL 79316 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Osogovo 59614 Bulgaria  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Ponor 77541 Bulgaria  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS 74804 Spain  
SIERRA DE ALCUBIERRE 103846 Spain  
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA 131980 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA SUBBETICA 79212 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA 88167 Spain  
SIERRAS DE TEJEDA, ALMIJARA Y ALHAMA 100440 Spain  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sredna Gora 244788 Bulgaria  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Trigrad-Mursalitsa 136717 Bulgaria  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
Vasilyovska Mountain 112364 Bulgaria  
Vitosha 67608 Bulgaria  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Vrachanski Balkan 76306 Bulgaria  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Western Strandzha 132984 Bulgaria  
Zapadni Rodopi 178482 Bulgaria  
Zlatiata 107477 Bulgaria  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi Italy B2, B3, C6
Central Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Foreste Casentinesi Italy B2, B3, C6
Lake Bracciano and surrounding areas Italy B2, B3, C6
Samars'kyj forest Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Selva del Lamone Italy B2, B3, C6
Zhigulevsk Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1, B2, B3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[4]
Aprostocetus calamarius[5]
Aprostocetus gratus[5]
Aprostocetus orithyia[5]
Arbutus unedo (strawberry tree)[6]
Arytaina genistae[7]
Arytainilla spartiophila[7]
Betula pendula (European white birch)[4]
Betula pubescens (downy birch)[4]
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[4]
Cornus sanguinea (bloodtwig dogwood)[7]
Crataegus monogyna (Common Hawthorn)[7]
Cryphoeca silvicola[4]
Euonymus europaeus (European spindletree)[8]
Eurytoma crassinervis[5]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[4]
Frangula alnus subsp. alnus (Glossy Buckthorn)[7]
Hedera helix (Algerian ivy)[6]
Ligustrum vulgare (European privet)[7]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[4]
Phillyrea angustifolia[6]
Phillyrea latifolia[6]
Pistacia lentiscus (mastic tree)[6]
Pistacia terebinthus (Cyprus turpentine)[6]
Platygaster szelenyii[5]
Plocama pendula (Balo)[9]
Prunus avium (Wild Cherry)[7]
Prunus domestica (plum)[7]
Rosa canina (Dog Rose)[7]
Rubus ulmifolius (elmleaf blackberry)[6]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[7]
Smilax aspera (Sarsaparilla)[6]
Sorbus aucuparia (Mountain Ash)[4]
Stenurella melanura[4]
Taxus baccata (Common yew)[7]
Torymus arundinis[5]
Triticum aestivum (common wheat)[7]
Valvata piscinalis (European stream valvata)[10]
Yponomeuta evonymella (Full-spotted Ermel Moth)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)4
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)3
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)4
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)3
Aegithalos caudatus (Long-tailed Bushtit)6
Archiearis parthenias (Orange Underwing)3
Biston betularia (peppered moth)4
Cabera pusaria (Common White Wave Moth)3
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)3
Campaea margaritata (Light Emerald Moth)3
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)3
Certhia familiaris (Eurasian Treecreeper)3
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)3
Chloroclysta miata3
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)5
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)3
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)4
Conistra vaccinii (Chestnut)3
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)4
Cossus cossus (Goat Moth)3
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)4
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)3
Electrophaes corylata (Broken-barred Carpet Moth)3
Ematurga atomaria (Common Heath Moth)3
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)4
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)11
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)4
Fagocyba cruenta4
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)10
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)5
Geometra papilionaria (Large Emerald)4
Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)3
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)3
Lacanobia contigua (Beautiful Brocade)3
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)3
Lithophane hepatica3
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)10
Lyonetia clerkella (Apple Leaf Miner Moth)3
Muscicapa striata (Spotted Flycatcher)3
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)3
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)3
Parus major (Great Tit)12
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)9
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)4
Phoenicurus phoenicurus (Common Redstart)3
Phylloscopus collybita (Common Chiffchaff)3
Phylloscopus sibillatrix (Wood Warbler)3
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)3
Plagodis dolabraria (Scorched Wing)3
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)3
Poecile montanus (Willow Tit)6
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)7
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)3
Prunella modularis (Dunnock)3
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)4
Regulus regulus (Goldcrest)3
Rheumaptera undulata3
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)5
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)3
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)5
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)3
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)3
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)12
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)6
Sylvia cantillans (Subalpine Warbler)3
Sylvia communis (Common Whitethroat)5
Sylvia melanocephala (Sardinian Warbler)8
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)3
Troglodytes troglodytes (Winter Wren)3
Turdus iliacus (Redwing)4
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)10
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)6
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)4
Turdus torquatus (Ring Ouzel)3
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)4

Predators

Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[4]
Dendrocopos major (Great Spotted Woodpecker)[4]
Nyctalus lasiopterus (giant noctule)[11]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anonchotaenia bobica <Unverified Name>[12]
Anonchotaenia globata <Unverified Name>[12]
Ceratophyllus fringillae[13]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[13]
Ceratophyllus pullatus[13]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[13]
Ceratophyllus styx jordani[13]
Hymenolepis clerci <Unverified Name>[12]
Monopylidium borealis <Unverified Name>[12]
Monopylidium musculosum <Unverified Name>[12]
Monopylidium parinum <Unverified Name>[12]

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3British Trust for Ornithology 4Ecology of Commanster 5Tscharntke, T. 1992. Cascade effects among four trophic levels: bird predation on galls affects density-dependent parasitism. Ecology 73:1689–1698 6Recruitment of a Mast-Fruiting, Bird-Dispersed Tree: Bridging Frugivore Activity and Seedling Establishment, Carlos M. Herrera, Pedro Jordano, Luis López-Soria, Juan A. Amat, Ecological Monographs, 64(3), 1994, pp. 315-344 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8VARIATIONS IN SPINDLE EUONYMUS EUROPAEUS CONSUMPTION BY FRUGIVOROUS BIRDS DURING THE FRUITING SEASON, Ángel HERNÁNDEZ, Ardeola 50(2), 2003, 171-180 9Frugivory and factors influencing visitation by birds at "Balo" (Plocama pendula Ait., Rubiaceae) plants in the Canary Islands, Manuel Nogales, Alfredo Valido, Félix M. Medina, Juan D. Delgado, Ecoscience 6: 531-538 (1999) 10CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150 11Carnivory in the greater noctule bat (Nyctalus lasiopterus) in Italy, G Dondini, S Vergari, J. Zool. Lond. (2000) 251, 233-236 12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 13International Flea Database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access