Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Dicaeidae > Dicaeum > Dicaeum concolor
 

Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Nilgiri flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor in the wider sense) is a tiny bird in the flowerpecker family. Formerly a subspecies of what used to be termed as the plain flowerpecker although that name is now reserved for Dicaeum minullum. Like others of the group, it feeds predominantly on nectar and fruits. They forage within the canopy of forests and are found distributed across South and Southeast Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Dicaeum concolor

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.90179
EDGE Score: 1.93178

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  6.2 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  50 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [3]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Dinghushan Nature Reserve V 2320 Guangdong, China  
Doi Ang Khang Nature Reserve   Thailand      
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Rua National Park II 29733 Thailand
Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary IV 46934 Thailand  
Pu Mat National Park IV 239739 Viet Nam  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Shiwandashanshuiyuanlian National Nature Preserve National Nature Reserve V 481588 Guangxi, China  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus caulocarpa[4]
Ficus crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[4]
Ficus xylophylla[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)5
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)2
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)2
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)2
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)3
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)5
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)7
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)3
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)6
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)2
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)5
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)6
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)7
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)5
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)2
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)5
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)6
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)7
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum everetti (Brown-backed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)4
Ducula aenea (Green Imperial Pigeon)2
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)5
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)3
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)4
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)4
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)7
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)3
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)6
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)7
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)7
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)5
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)6
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)4
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)6
Presbytis rubicunda (red leaf monkey)2
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)4
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)7
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)4
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)2
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)5
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)6
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)4
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)5
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)7
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)2
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)2
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)2

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Relationship between Body Mass and Body Length of Resident Bird Species of Taiwan, Pei-Fen Lee, Tzung-Su Ding and Hau-Jie Shiu, Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 9(2): 67-79 (1998)
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access