Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Dicruridae > Dicrurus > Dicrurus adsimilis
 

Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)

Wikipedia Abstract

The fork-tailed drongo, also called the common drongo, African drongo, or savanna drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis), is a drongo, a type of small passerine bird of the Old World tropics. The species was earlier considered to cover Asia, but the Asian species is now called the black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus). They are members of the family Dicruridae.The fork-tailed drongo is a common and widespread resident breeder in Africa south of the Sahara.
View Wikipedia Record: Dicrurus adsimilis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.86358
EDGE Score: 1.76876

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  43 grams
Birth Weight [1]  4.3 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Banco National Park 6492 Côte d'Ivoire  
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Bluff Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 114 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Chome Catchment Forest Reserve IV 34897 Tanzania  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Daan Viljoen Game Park II 9924 Namibia  
Daranghati Sanctuary IV 8190 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Lamto Reserve Station d´Ecologie Tropicale 6425 Cõte d'Ivoire  
Lapalala Wilderness Nature Reserve 88958 Limpopo, South Africa
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Mariannwood Nature Reserve   South Africa      
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Northern Works   South Africa      
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Nylsvley Nature Reserve IV 7698 Limpopo, South Africa
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Pande Forest Reserve Game Reserve IV 3094 Tanzania  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Pigeon Valley Nature Reserve 25 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa      
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve de Moukalaba-Dougoua (Gamba Complex) Faunal Reserve IV 266550 Gabon  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary IV 51099 Maharashtra, India  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Treasure Beach Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      
Umbogavango Nature Reserve 89 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umhlanga Lagoon Provincial Nature Reserve 95 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Virginia Bush Nature Reserve 94 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Commiphora harveyi[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Axis axis (chital)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum cruentatum (Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)1
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macropygia unchall (Barred Cuckoo-Dove)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)1
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)1
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)1
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)2
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Phoeniculus purpureus (Green Wood Hoopoe)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)2
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)1
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)1
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)1
Urocissa erythroryncha (Red-billed Blue Magpie)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acuaria crami <Unverified Name>[5]
Neostrongyloides dicrurus <Unverified Name>[5]
Philophthalmus nocturnus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Attica Zoological Park S.A.

Distribution

Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access