Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Sphenisciformes > Spheniscidae > Eudyptes > Eudyptes chrysocome
 

Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)

Synonyms: Aptenodytes crestata; Eudyptes chrysocome chrysocome; Eudyptes crestatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern rockhopper penguin group (Eudyptes chrysocome), are two subspecies of rockhopper penguin, that together are sometimes considered distinct from the northern rockhopper penguin. It occurs in subantarctic waters of the western Pacific and Indian Oceans, as well as around the southern coasts of South America.
View Wikipedia Record: Eudyptes chrysocome

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
50
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.37568
EDGE Score: 3.51163

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  5.14 lbs (2.33 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  95.8 grams
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  70 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [5]  33 days
Migration [1]  Intraoceanic
Speed [6]  5.03 MPH (2.25 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amsterdam and Saint-Paul Islands temperate grasslands France Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Scotia Sea Islands tundra United Kingdom Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Tristan Da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Palmer LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Antarctica    
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Île aux Cochons French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Île de l'Est French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Île de la Possession French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Îles Nuageuses and Île Clugny French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Beauchêne Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Bird Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii
Bleaker Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i
Gough Island St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Heard and McDonald Islands Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia) A1, A4ii, A4iii  
Hope Harbour, West Falkland Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii  
Hummock Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A4i
Inaccessible Island St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Isla de los Estados, Islas de Año Nuevo e islotes adyacentes Argentina A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Jason Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii    
Keppel Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2  
Kidney Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii
New Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Nightingale Island group St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Passage Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2
Pebble Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4iii  
Península Mitre Argentina A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Prince Edward Islands Special Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Ría Deseado e islas adyacentes Argentina A1, A4ii, A4iii
Saunders Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Sea Lion Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2
Seal Bay, East Falkland Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4iii  
Tristan da Cunha St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
West Point Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No

Prey / Diet

Argonauta argo (greater argonaut)[7]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[7]
Cyllopus lucasii[7]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[7]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[7]
Electrona subaspera (Rough lanternfish)[7]
Euphausia vallentini[8]
Filippovia knipovitchi (Smooth Hooked Squid)[7]
Harpagifer georgianus (S. Georgia spiny plunderfish)[7]
Harpagifer spinosus (Deep-water spiny plunderfish)[7]
Histioteuthis eltaninae[7]
Hyperiella dilatata[7]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[7]
Krefftichthys anderssoni (Anderson's lanternfish)[9]
Lepas australis[7]
Magnisudis prionosa (Southern barracudina)[7]
Martialia hyadesi (sevenstar flying squid)[7]
Mysidetes morbihanensis[8]
Notothenia cyanobrancha (Blue rockcod)[7]
Notothenia neglecta (Yellowbelly rockcod)[7]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[7]
Paradiplospinus gracilis (Slender escolar)[7]
Paraeuchaeta antarctica[8]
Paranotothenia magellanica (Orange throat notothen)[7]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[7]
Primno macropa[9]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[7]
Spinoserolis latifrons[7]
Themisto gaudichaudii[10]
Thysanoessa gregaria[8]
Thysanoessa macrura[9]
Thysanoessa vicina[9]
Todarodes filippovae (Antarctic flying squid)[8]
Zanclorhynchus spinifer (Antarctic horsefish)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)1
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)3
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)3
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)6
Eudyptes schlegeli (Royal Penguin)3
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)2
Garrodia nereis (Grey-backed Storm Petrel)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)3
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)3
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)3
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)3
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)2
Pachyptila salvini (Salvin's Prion)3
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)2
Pelecanoides georgicus (South Georgia Diving Petrel)4
Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)3
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)2
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)1
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)2
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)2
Pterodroma mollis (Soft-plumaged Petrel)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)3
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)2
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)1

Predators

Phalcoboenus australis (Striated Caracara)[11]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Austrogoniodes concii[12]
Austrogoniodes cristati[12]
Austrogoniodes hamiltoni[12]
Austrogoniodes macquariensis[12]
Contracaecum heardi <Unverified Name>[13]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[13]
Parapsyllus heardi[14]
Parapsyllus longicornis[14]
Parapsyllus magellanicus[12]
Parapsyllus magellanicus magellanicus[14]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
 chrysocome
Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
 chrysocome
City of Belfast Zoochrysocome
Detroit Zoological Society
 chrysocome
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Indianapolis Zoo
 chrysocome
John G. Shedd Aquarium
 chrysocome
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
 chrysocome
Louisville Zoological Garden
 chrysocome
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
 chrysocome
New England Aquariumchrysocome
Newport Aquarium
Ocean Park Corporationchrysocome
Oceanario de Lisboa
Odense Zoologiske Have
 chrysocome
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardenchrysocome
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 chrysocome
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbHchrysocome
Sea World Orlandochrysocome
Tokyo Sea Life Parkchrysocome

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Center for Biological Diversity via Myxer Author: Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Marchant, S.; Higgins, PJ (eds.) 1990. The handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, Vol. 1., ratites to ducks. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6TRAVELING SPEED AND FORAGING RANGE OF MACARONI AND ROCKHOPPER PENGUINS AT MARION ISLAND, CHRISTOPHER R. BROWN, J. Field Ornithol., 58(2):118-125
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Geographic variation in the foraging behaviour, diet and chick growth of rockhopper penguins, Yann Tremblay, Yves Cherel, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 251: 279–297, 2003
9THE DIETS AND DIETARY SEGREGATION OF SEABIRDS AT THE SUBANTARCTIC CROZET ISLANDS, VINCENT RIDOUX, MARINE ORNITHOLOGY Vol. 22 No. 1 1994
10Amphipod-based food web: Themisto gaudichaudii caught in nets and by seabirds in Kerguelen waters, southern Indian Ocean, Pierrick Bocher, Yves Cherel, Jean-Philippe Labat, Patrick Mayzaud, Suzanne Razouls, Pierre Jouventin, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 223: 261–276, 2001
11Population growth and density, diet and breeding success of striated caracaras Phalcoboenus australis on New Island, Falkland Islands, Paulo Catry, Miguel Lecoq, Ian J. Strange, Polar Biology Volume 31, Number 10, 1167-1174
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
14International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2