Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Fringillidae > Euphonia > Euphonia chlorotica
 

Euphonia chlorotica (Purple-throated Euphonia)

Wikipedia Abstract

The purple-throated euphonia (Euphonia chlorotica) is a songbird species in the family Fringillidae. It was formerly placed in the Thraupidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.
View Wikipedia Record: Euphonia chlorotica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.91256
EDGE Score: 1.77708

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  10 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  100 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  90 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Incubation [3]  15 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ñacunday National Park II 5435 Paraguay  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia el Trebol   Paraguay      
Estancia Fortín Patria   Paraguay      
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
Kuri'y National Reserve Natural Monument III 4972 Paraguay  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Macizo Acahay Natural Monument III 6320 Paraguay  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Moisés Bertoni Natural Monument 488 Paraguay
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Paso Bravo National Park 256207 Paraguay  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  
Ypacaraí National Park II 38504 Paraguay  
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Ficus luschnathiana[5]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[5]
Miconia cinnamomifolia[6]
Pilosocereus arrabidae[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta caraya (black howler monkey)1
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Brotogeris versicolurus (White-winged Parakeet)1
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)1
Caluromys lanatus (Brown-eared Woolly Opossum)1
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)1
Colaptes melanochloros (green-barred woodpecker)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Columbina talpacoti (Ruddy Ground-Dove)1
Coryphospingus pileatus (Grey Pileated Finch)1
Crotophaga ani (Smooth-billed Ani)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)2
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Empidonomus varius (Variegated Flycatcher)1
Forpus xanthopterygius (Blue-winged Parrotlet)2
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)1
Machetornis rixosa (Cattle Tyrant)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)2
Melanerpes candidus (white woodpecker)1
Mimus gilvus (Tropical Mockingbird)2
Mimus saturninus (Chalk-browed Mockingbird)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)1
Nemosia pileata (Hooded Tanager)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Patagioenas picazuro (Picazuro Pigeon)1
Pipraeidea melanonota (Fawn-breasted Tanager)1
Piranga flava (Red Tanager)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)2
Platyrrhinus lineatus (white-lined broad-nosed bat)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)1
Sturnira lilium (little yellow-shouldered bat)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)2
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)3
Turdus amaurochalinus (Creamy-bellied Thrush)1
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)1
Turdus nigriceps (Andean Slaty Thrush)2
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus melancholicus (Tropical Kingbird)1
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)1
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)2
Zonotrichia capensis (Rufous-collared Sparrow)2

Range Map

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Biometry, molt and brood patch parameters of birds in southern Brazil, Leandro Bugoni, Leonardo Vianna Mohr, Adriano Scherer, Márcio Amorin Efe and Scherezino Barbosa Scherer, Ararajuba 10 (1): 85-94
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Potential role of frugivorous birds (Passeriformes) on seed dispersal of six plant species in a restinga habitat, southeastern Brazil, Verônica Souza da Mota Gomes, Maria Célia Rodrigues Correia, Heloisa Alves de Lima & Maria Alice S. Alves, Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol.) Vol. 56 (1): 205-216, March 2008
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2