Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cracticidae > Gymnorhina > Gymnorhina tibicen
 

Gymnorhina tibicen (Australian Magpie)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Australian magpie (Cracticus tibicen) is a medium-sized black and white passerine bird native to Australia and southern New Guinea. Although once considered to be three separate species, it is now considered to be one, with nine recognised subspecies. A member of the Artamidae, the Australian magpie is classified in the butcherbird genus Cracticus and is most closely related to the black butcherbird (C. quoyi). It is not, however, related to the European magpie, which is a corvid.
View Wikipedia Record: Gymnorhina tibicen

Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Gymnorhina tibicen

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.60281
EDGE Score: 2.15209

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  300 grams
Birth Weight [2]  16.2 grams
Clutch Size [1]  4

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Gibson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Sandy-Tanami desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bald Rock National Park II 21998 New South Wales, Australia
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Girraween National Park II 28978 Queensland, Australia
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Kooragang Nature Reserve IV 8300 New South Wales, Australia  
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
South Taupo Wetland   North Island, New Zealand      
Stirling Range National Park II 281371 Western Australia, Australia
Sundown National Park II 30557 Queensland, Australia
Tongariro National Park II 196174 North Island, New Zealand
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Emblem of

South Australia

Prey / Diet

Anostostoma australasiae (King Cricket)[3]
Nothomyrmecia macrops (Australian Ant)[3]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Chlamydosaurus kingii (Frilled Lizard)1

Predators

Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)[5]
Falco subniger (Black Falcon)[6]
Ninox strenua (Powerful Boobook)[7]

Providers

Parasite of 
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[8]
Oncicola pomatostomi[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alice Springs Desert Park
Blackbrook Zoological Parktibicen
Cologne Zoohypoleuca
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
 hypoleuca
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkhypoleuca
Olmense Zootibicen
Parc des Oiseauxhypoleuca
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo of Antwerphypoleuca
Zoological Garden Praguehypoleuca
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
 hypoleuca

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1A comparative analysis of some life-history traits between cooperatively and non-cooperatively breeding Australian passerines, ALDO POIANI and LARS SOMMER JERMIIN, Evolutionary Ecology, 1994, 8, 471-488 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Who's Eating Who 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Breeding Biology and Diet of the Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax in the New England Region of New South Wales, S.J.S. DEBUS, T.S. HATFIELD, A.J. LEY and A.B. ROSE, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2007, 24, 93–120 6Some aspects of the biology of the Black Falcon Falco subniger S. J. S. Debus and J. Olsen, Corella, 2010, 35(1): 29–36 7Diet and habitat of the powerful owl (Ninox strenua) living near Melbourne, Elizabeth Lavazanian, M. App. Sc. thesis, Deakin University (1996) 8International Flea Database 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access