Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Harpia > Harpia harpyja
 

Harpia harpyja (Harpy Eagle)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) is a neotropical species of eagle.It is sometimes known as the American harpy eagle to distinguish it from the Papuan eagle, which is sometimes known as the New Guinea harpy eagle or Papuan harpy eagle. It is the largest and most powerful raptor found in the Americas, and among the largest extant species of eagles in the world. It usually inhabits tropical lowland rainforests in the upper (emergent) canopy layer.
View Wikipedia Record: Harpia harpyja

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
30
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
56
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 23.1056
EDGE Score: 3.87559

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  10.58 lbs (4.80 kg)
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
El Ocote Ecological Reserve Biosphere Reserve VI 251855 Chiapas, Mexico  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Parque Nacional Fronterizo Darién National Park II 1382494 Panama  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Alta cuenca del arroyo Piray Guazú Argentina A1
Alto Purus Peru A1, A2, A3
Arquipélago de Anavilhanas Brazil A1, A2
Área de Relevante Interesse Ecológico Projeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais e Entorno Brazil A2, A3    
Bahuaja-Sonene Peru A1, A2, A3
Bajo Napo Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Bakhuys mountains Suriname A1, A3
Bosawas Nicaragua A1, A2, A3
Campamento Junglaven Venezuela A1, A3
Campinas e Várzeas do Rio Branco Brazil A1, A2, A3
Caxiuanã / Portel Brazil A1
Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve (CSNR) Suriname A1, A2, A3
Cristalino / Serra do Cachimbo Brazil A1, A3
Cuenca del Piray Miní Argentina A1, A3
Cuenca Río Nanay Peru A1, A2, A3
Darién National Park Panama A1, A2, A3
Estação Ecológica Serra das Araras Brazil A1, A3
Estación Biológica Mosiro-Itajura Colombia A1, A2, A3
Gran Yasuní Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Indio Maíz Nicaragua A1, A2, A3
Ji-Paraná / Roosevelt Brazil A1, A2, A3
Kabalebo / Arapahu Suriname A1, A3, A4i
La Amistad International Park Panama A1, A2, A3
Mamirauá Brazil A1, A2
Manu Peru A1, A2, A3
Maya Mountains and southern reserves Belize A1, A2, A3
Monumento Natural Tepui Guaiquinima Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Noel Kempff Mercado Bolivia A1, A2, A3
Nouragues French Guiana A1, A3
Parc Amazonien de Guyane et Saül French Guiana A1, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual do Cantão Brazil A1, A2
Parque Nacional Canaima Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Cordillera Azul Peru A1, A2
Parque Nacional da Amazônia Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães e Adjacências Brazil A1
Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena e Entorno Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional de Itatiaia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional do Jaú Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Duida-Marahuaca Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Guatopo Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier Venezuela A1, A2, A3  
Parque Nacional Mariusa-Delta del Orinoco Venezuela A1
Parque Nacional Montanhas do Tumucumaque Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Chiribiquete Colombia A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Ensenada de Utría Colombia A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Los Katíos Colombia A1, A2
Parque Nacional Parima-Tapirapecó Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Perijá Venezuela A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Parque Nacional San Esteban Venezuela A1, A2, A3  
Parque Nacional Serranía La Neblina Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Provincial Urugua-í Argentina A1, A2, A3
Punta Gorda Nicaragua A1
Reserva Biológica do Rio Trombetas Brazil A1, A2
Reserva de Inmovilización Iténez Bolivia A1, A3
Reserva de la Biósfera Yabotí Argentina A1, A2, A3
Reserva de Producción Faunística Cuyabeno Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Reserva Forestal Imataca Venezuela A1, A3
Reserva Nacional Amazónica Manuripi Heath Bolivia A1, A2, A3
Reserva Nacional Pacaya Samiria Peru A1, A2, A3, A4i
Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural SESC Pantanal e Entorno Brazil A1
Reserva Regional Bajo Cauca Nechí Colombia A1, A2, A3
Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate Belize A1, A2, A3
Rio Capim Brazil A1
Saltos das Andorinhas e de Dardanelos Brazil A4ii
San Juan River: La Inmaculada Concepcion de Maria Nicaragua A1
Serra dos Carajás Brazil A1, A3
Serranía de las Minas Colombia A1, A2
Sierpe Wetlands and Osa Peninsula Costa Rica A1, A2, A3, A4i
Sierra Morena Argentina A1
Sooretama / Linhares Brazil A1, A2, A3
Tambopata Peru A1, A2, A3
Territorio Achuar Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Trinité French Guiana A1, A3
Vale do Guaporé Brazil A1, A2
Yungas Inferiores de Madidi Bolivia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Panama

Prey / Diet

Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)[2]
Bradypus tridactylus (Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth)[2]
Bradypus variegatus (Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth)[3]
Choloepus hoffmanni (Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth)[4]
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)[5]
Ramphastos toco (Toco Toucan)[2]
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)[2]
Tamandua tetradactyla (Southern Tamandua)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)3
Leopardus wiedii (Margay)1
Panthera onca (Jaguar)5
Spizaetus isidori (Black-and-chestnut Eagle)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dallas World Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Miami Metrozoo
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
San Diego Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Audio

Play / PauseVolume

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Animals of the Rainforest 3MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(850):19–32 Bradypus variegatus (Pilosa: Bradypodidae) VIRGINIA HAYSSEN 4Choloepus hoffmanni (Pilosa: Megalonychidae), VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(873):37–55 (2011) 5Potos flavus, Linda S. Ford and Robert S. Hoffman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 321, pp. 1-9 (1988) 6Tamandua tetradactyla (Pilosa: Myrmecophagidae), VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(875):64–74 (2011)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2