Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Ixos > Ixos malaccensis
 

Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The streaked bulbul (Ixos malaccensis) is a songbird species in the bulbul family (Pycnonotidae). Depending on whether it is or isn't a particularly close relative of the type species of the genus Ixos, the Sunda bulbul or green-winged bulbul (Ixos virescens), it might belong in a new genus. What is known is that some Ixos species are close to Hypsipetes (which might warrant merging into Ixos), while others – including the streaked bulbul – are closer to Hemixos. But the affiliations of I. virescens remain to be restudied, and it is not clear to which group it belongs.
View Wikipedia Record: Ixos malaccensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
44
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.8658
EDGE Score: 3.1668

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  37 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Aerial [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Phra Thaeo Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Mu Ko Libong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Namtok Yong National Park II 52286 Thailand
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus kerkhoveni[4]
Ficus pisocarpa[4]
Ficus stricta[4]
Ficus subcordata[4]
Ficus subgelderi[4]
Ficus sumatrana[1]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus virens[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)4
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)7
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)3
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)6
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)5
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)5
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)9
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)5
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)8
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)4
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)3
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)5
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)9
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)10
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)9
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)7
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)9
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)10
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)6
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)4
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)3
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)8
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)3
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)8
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)7
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)9
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)6
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)8
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)4
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)9
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)8
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)7
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)3
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)10
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)9
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)7
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)7
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)4
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)4
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)9
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)9
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)3
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)5
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)7
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)5
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)4
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)4
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)8
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)10
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)4
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)5
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)4
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)7

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access