Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sturnidae > Lamprotornis > Lamprotornis purpureus

Lamprotornis purpureus (Purple Starling; Purple Glossy Starling)

Wikipedia Abstract

The purple starling (Lamprotornis purpureus), also known as the purple glossy starling, is a member of the starling family of birds.
View Wikipedia Record: Lamprotornis purpureus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.37995
EDGE Score: 2.12584


Adult Weight [1]  110 grams
Birth Weight [1]  5.9 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  30 %
Forages - Understory [2]  50 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  3


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
'W' National Park Niger A1, A3
Ajai Wildlife Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Amurum woodlands (Taboru) Nigeria A3
André Félix National Park complex Central African Republic A3
Arli: W: Singou complex Burkina Faso A3, A4ii
Ashana Sudan A3
Assop Falls and hills Nigeria A3
Badiar Guinea A3
Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex Central African Republic A3
Bandingilo Sudan A3
Bénoué National Park Cameroon A3
Bérégadougou hill Burkina Faso A3
Boucle du Baoulé Mali A3
Bozoum Central African Republic A3
Budongo Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Busia grasslands Kenya A1, A3
Cantanhez forests Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi: Duguma Sector Nigeria A1, A3
Chutes de la Sala Guinea A1, A3
Comoe National Park Cte dIvoire A3
Delta du Saloum Senegal A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Diéfoula: Logoniégué forest Burkina Faso A3
Digya National Park Ghana  
Dulombi Guinea-Bissau A3
Falaise de Bandiagara Mali A3
Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves Nigeria A3
Faro National Park Cameroon A3
Ferlo North Senegal A3
Ferlo South Senegal A3
Garamba National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A3
Gashaka-Gumti National Park Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Gashiga: Demsa Cameroon A3
Gbele Resource Reserve Ghana  
Hadejia-Nguru wetlands Nigeria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Imatong mountains Sudan A1, A3
Jebel Marra Sudan A1, A3
Juba Sudan A3
Kaboré Tambi: Nazinga: Sissili complex Burkina Faso A3
Kagoro: Nindam Forest Reserves Nigeria A3
Kainji Lake National Park Nigeria A3
Kalamaloué National Park Cameroon A1, A3, A4i
Kamuku National Park Nigeria A3
Kéran National Park Togo A3
Kiang West National Park Gambia A3
La Petite Côte Senegal A1, A4i
Lagoas de Cufada Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Lake Kompienga Burkina Faso A3, A4iii
Lake Maga Cameroon A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Nokoué Benin A3, A4i
Lamto Ecological Research Station Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Logone flood-plain Cameroon A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lower Kaduna: Middle Niger flood-plain Nigeria A1, A3, A4ii
Mafou Guinea A3
Makalondi district Niger A3
Manda National Park Chad A3
Manovo: Gounda: St Floris National Park complex Central African Republic A3
Mayo-Louti Forest Reserve Cameroon A3
Mole National Park Ghana A3
Mount Elgon Kenya A1, A2, A3
Mount Elgon National Park Uganda A2, A3
Mount Kei Forest Reserve Uganda A3
Mount Otzi Forest Reserve Uganda A3
Murchison Falls National Park Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Ngaoundaba Ranch Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Nimule Sudan A3
Oti Valley Faunal Reserve Togo A3
Ouagadougou forest Burkina Faso A3
Ouémé river basin Benin A3
Pandam Wildlife Park Nigeria A3
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba Senegal A3
Pendjari National Park Benin A3
Prufu: Darsilami area Gambia A3
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Rio Cacheu Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary Guinea-Bissau A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Semliki reserves Uganda A1
Shai Hills Resource Reserve Ghana A3
Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sunvit Farm Nigeria A3
W du Bénin National Park Benin A3
Waza National Park Cameroon A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Yankari National Park Nigeria A3
Zakouma National Park Chad A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Arachis hypogaea (Earthnut)[4]
Azadirachta indica (neem)[4]
Cenchrus americanus (pearl-millet)[4]
Oryza sativa (rice)[4]
Zea mays (corn)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)1
Crinifer piscator (Western Plantain-eater)1
Crithagra gularis (Streaky-headed Seedeater)1
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)1
Galerida cristata (Crested Lark)1
Lamprotornis caudatus (Long-tailed Glossy Starling)1
Oriolus auratus (African Golden Oriole)1
Streptopelia semitorquata (Red-eyed Dove)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4The Crop and Gizzard Food Contents of Purple Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis purpureus) in Jere and Konduga Local Government Areas of Borno State, Nigeria, S.D. YUSUFU AND Z.M. BELLO, Int. J. Agri. Biol., Vol. 6, No. 2, 2004, p. 270-271
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access