Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Larus > Larus armenicus
 

Larus armenicus (Armenian Gull)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Armenian gull (Larus armenicus) is a large gull found in the Caucasus and Middle East. It was formerly classified as a subspecies of the herring gull (L. argentatus) but is now generally considered to be a separate species although BirdLife International lumps it with the yellow-legged gull (L. michahellis).The Armenian gull is a fairly large gull species, though is on average the smallest of the "herring gull" complex.
View Wikipedia Record: Larus armenicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
4
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.15927
EDGE Score: 0.769768

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.20 lbs (1.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [2]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  40 %
Forages - Underwater [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [3]  3
Wing Span [1]  4.6 feet (1.4 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Agri plain Turkey A4i, B1i
Aktas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Central Marshes Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Haur Al Suwayqiyah Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Karakaya Reservoir Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Karkamis Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Keban Reservoir Turkey A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Arpi Armenia A4i, B1i
Lake Manzala Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Sevan Armenia A1, A4i, B1i
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sodalıgöl (Arin Lake) Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Tuz lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Upper Murat Valley Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access