Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Estrildidae > Lonchura > Lonchura bicolor
 

Lonchura bicolor (Black-and-white Mannikin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-and-white mannikin or black-and-white munia (Lonchura bicolor) is a species of estrildid finch found in southern and central Africa. It has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 4,200,000 km².It is found in moist savanna and subtropical/tropical lowland moist forest habitat. The status of the species is evaluated as Least Concern. They are known to feed on algae.Photo shown is one of RED BACKED MANNIKIN
View Wikipedia Record: Lonchura bicolor

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
13
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.75434
EDGE Score: 1.32291

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.9 grams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Losiminguri Forest Reserve 14815 Tanzania  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
Ndimba Forest Reserve 3102 Tanzania  
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Pande Forest Reserve Game Reserve IV 3094 Tanzania  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Pigeon Valley Nature Reserve 25 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa      
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  
Umbogavango Nature Reserve 89 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umhlanga Lagoon Provincial Nature Reserve 95 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Virginia Bush Nature Reserve 94 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)nigriceps
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Romabicolor
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Umgeni River Bird Parknigriceps
Wilhelma Zoopoensis
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenbicolor
 nigriceps

Distribution

Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Louette, M & Prévost, J. 1987. Passereaux collectes par. J. Prévost au Cameroun. [Sparrow collections by J. Prévost in Cameroun.] Malimbus 9: 83–96
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access