Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Mimidae > Mimus > Mimus gilvus
 

Mimus gilvus (Tropical Mockingbird)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The tropical mockingbird (Mimus gilvus) is a resident breeding bird from southern Mexico south to northern Brazil, and in the Lesser Antilles and other Caribbean islands. The birds in Panama and Trinidad may have been introduced. The northern mockingbird (M. polyglottos) is its closest living relative, but the critically endangered Socorro mockingbird (M. graysoni) is also much closer to these two than previously believed .
View Wikipedia Record: Mimus gilvus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
16
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.48349
EDGE Score: 1.5004

Attributes

Breeding Habitat [1]  Tropical arid scrub
Wintering Geography [1]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [1]  Tropical grasslands, Agricultural
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  100 %
Forages - Understory [2]  50 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Incubation [3]  14 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Yacambu National Park II 43025 Venezuela  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Sumidouro State Park II 3292 Minas Gerais, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Bromelia pinguin (pinguin)[5]
Clusia hilariana[6]
Doyerea emetocathartica (coralfruit)[5]
Erythroxylum cumanense[5]
Erythroxylum macrocalyx[6]
Ficus cotinifolia[7]
Lycium nodosum[5]
Miconia cinnamomifolia[6]
Pilosocereus arrabidae[6]
Quadrella odoratissima[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)1
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)1
Amazona ochrocephala (Yellow-crowned Parrot)1
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)1
Aratinga nana (Olive-throated Parakeet)1
Artibeus hirsutus (hairy fruit-eating bat)1
Bassariscus sumichrasti (Cacomistle)1
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)1
Calocitta formosa (White-throated Magpie-Jay)1
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)1
Cardinalis phoeniceus (Vermilion Cardinal)1
Caryothraustes poliogaster (Black-faced Grosbeak)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Cnemidophorus ruthveni (Laurent's Whiptail)1
Coryphospingus pileatus (Grey Pileated Finch)1
Crax daubentoni (Yellow-knobbed Curassow)1
Ctenosaura similis (Black Iguana)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)2
Cyanocompsa parellina (Blue Bunting)1
Cyanocorax yncas (Inca Jay)1
Cyanocorax yucatanicus (Yucatan Jay)1
Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum)1
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)1
Dumetella carolinensis (Grey Catbird)1
Elaenia chiriquensis (Lesser Elaenia)2
Eumomota superciliosa (Turquoise-browed Motmot)1
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia chlorotica (Purple-throated Euphonia)2
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)1
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)1
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)1
Hylophilus flavipes (Scrub Greenlet)2
Icterus auratus (Orange Oriole)1
Icterus cucullatus (Hooded Oriole)1
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)1
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)1
Icterus spurius (Orchard Oriole)1
Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana)1
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)1
Melanerpes aurifrons (Golden-fronted Woodpecker)1
Melanoptila glabrirostris (Black Catbird)1
Mimus graysoni (Socorro Mockingbird)1
Molothrus aeneus (Bronzed Cowbird)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus nuttingi (Nutting's Flycatcher)1
Myiarchus tyrannulus (Brown-crested Flycatcher)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)1
Ortalis poliocephala (West Mexican Chachalaca)1
Ortalis vetula (Plain Chachalaca)1
Pachyramphus aglaiae (Rose-throated Becard)1
Passerina cyanea (Indigo Bunting)1
Patagioenas flavirostris (Red-billed Pigeon)1
Patagioenas nigrirostris (Short-billed Pigeon)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)1
Phaeomyias murina (Mouse-colored Tyrannulet)2
Piranga bidentata (Flame-colored Tanager)1
Piranga ludoviciana (Western Tanager)1
Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager)1
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)1
Psarocolius montezuma (Montezuma Oropendola)1
Psilorhinus morio (Brown Jay)1
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Quiscalus mexicanus (Great-tailed Grackle)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)1
Saltator atriceps (Black-headed Saltator)1
Saltator coerulescens (Greyish Saltator)1
Sciurus deppei (Deppe's squirrel)1
Setophaga coronata (Yellow-rumped Warbler)1
Setophaga tigrina (Cape May Warbler)1
Sublegatus modestus (Southern Scrub Flycatcher)1
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)2
Thraupis abbas (Yellow-winged Tanager)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Thraupis glaucocolpa (Glaucous Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)1
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)1
Trogon melanocephalus (Black-headed Trogon)1
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)1
Tyrannus couchii (Couch's Kingbird)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus forficatus (Scissor-tailed Flycatcher)1
Tyrannus melancholicus (Tropical Kingbird)1
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Tyrannus verticalis (Western Kingbird)1
Vireo bellii (Bell's Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1
Zonotrichia capensis (Rufous-collared Sparrow)1

Predators

Accipiter bicolor (Bicolored Hawk)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Barranquilla Zoo
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzengilvus

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Poulin, B., G. Lefebvre and R. McNeil (1994) Diets of land birds from northeastern Venezuela Condor 96: 354-367
6Potential role of frugivorous birds (Passeriformes) on seed dispersal of six plant species in a restinga habitat, southeastern Brazil, Verônica Souza da Mota Gomes, Maria Célia Rodrigues Correia, Heloisa Alves de Lima & Maria Alice S. Alves, Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol.) Vol. 56 (1): 205-216, March 2008
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access