Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Nucifraga > Nucifraga caryocatactes
 

Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.60349
EDGE Score: 2.26213

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  183 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [2]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Speed [3]  29.97 MPH (13.4 m/s)
Wing Span [3]  23 inches (.58 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Alpi Carniche 48186 Italy  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro 27869 Italy  
Alte Valli Stura e Maira 103806 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa 23828 Italy  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve V 462837 Yunnan, China  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
CRETES DU DONON-SCHNEEBERG, BAS-RHIN 16828 France  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Churdhar Sanctuary IV 19253 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Civetta - Cime di San Sebastiano 16302 Italy  
Disgrazia - Sissone 7438 Italy  
Dolina Slupi 92595 Poland  
Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi 77549 Italy  
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Dolomiti di Ampezzo 28076 Italy  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Engsö 17864 Sweden  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Foresta del Cansiglio 12504 Italy  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Gruppo Antelao - Marmarole - Sorapis 42178 Italy  
Gruppo del Monviso e Bosco dell'Alevè 17871 Italy  
HAUTES-VOSGES, HAUT-RHIN 58515 France  
HAUTS PLATEAUX DU VERCORS 43503 France  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
LA VANOISE 132493 France  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Les Ecrins 227201 France  
Mont Avic e Mont Emilius 77947 Italy  
Monte Baldo Ovest 16087 Italy  
Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta 23885 Italy  
Monti Lessini - Pasubio - Piccole Dolomiti Vicentine 34278 Italy  
Mount Hakusan National Park V 219319 Toyama, Japan
Naina Devi Sanctuary IV 9627 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Nordöstlicher Unterharz 41978 Germany  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Orsiera Rocciavré 27095 Italy  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Retezat National Park II 94183 Romania
Ridöarkipelagen 13925 Sweden  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sechu Tuan Nala Sanctuary IV 136473 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Seilin saaristo 11582 Finland  
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Stelvio 39831 Italy  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Svartedalen 8107 Sweden  
Tatra Mountains Biosphere Reserve 44247 Poland  
Tatry 51937 Poland  
Torfowiska Gór Izerskich 12318 Poland  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Val Troncea 25032 Italy  
Val di Togno - Pizzo Scalino 7784 Italy  
Vallée du Haut Guil 15741 France  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet Hochharz 15103 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Abax pilleri[4]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[4]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[4]
Lumbricus rubellus <Unverified Name>[4]
Prunus avium (Wild Cherry)[4]
Prunus padus (Bird Cherry)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Abraxas grossulariata (Magpie Moth)2
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)2
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)2
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)2
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)2
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)2
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)2
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)2
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Hedya pruniana2
Iphiclides podalirius (Scarce Swallowtail)2
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)2
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)2
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)2
Lomographa bimaculata (White-pinion Spotted)2
Malacosoma neustria (Lackey moth)2
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)2
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)2
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)2
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)3
Rhagio lineola (Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly)2
Rhagio scolopaceus (Downlooker Snipe Fly)2
Rhagio tringarius (Marsh Snipe Fly)2
Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer)2
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)3
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)3
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)2
Thecla betulae (Brown Hairstreak)3
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)3
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)3
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2
Xylena exsoleta (Sword-grass)2
Yponomeuta padella (Common Hawthorn Ermel Moth)2

Providers

Shelter 
Picea abies (Norway spruce)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anonchotaenia globata <Unverified Name>[5]
Baruscapillaria corvorum <Unverified Name>[5]
Baruscapillaria resecta <Unverified Name>[5]
Brachylecithum eugenia <Unverified Name>[5]
Brachylecithum lobatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceratophyllus enefdeae tjanschani[6]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[6]
Choanotaenia constricta <Unverified Name>[5]
Dilepis undula[5]
Eustrongylides papillosus <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis serpentulus <Unverified Name>[5]
Passerilepis crenata[5]
Passerilepis stylosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata octodecimdentata[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 4Ecology of Commanster 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011