Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sturnidae > Onychognathus > Onychognathus walleri
 

Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)

Wikipedia Abstract

Waller's starling (Onychognathus walleri) is a species of starling in the Sturnidae family. It is found in Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.The common name and scientific name commemorates the English naturalist Gerald Waller.
View Wikipedia Record: Onychognathus walleri

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.46159
EDGE Score: 2.13554

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  75 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Chome Catchment Forest Reserve IV 34897 Tanzania  
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kitumbeine Local Authority Forest Reserve   Tanzania      
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Aberdare Mountains Kenya A1, A2, A3
Arusha National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bakossi mountains Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bali-Ngemba Forest Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bururi Forest Nature Reserve Burundi A1, A2, A3
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Cherangani Hills Kenya A3
Cyamudongo forest Rwanda A1, A2, A3
East Usambara Mountains Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Echuya Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A2, A3
Forests west of Lake Edward Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Imatong mountains Sudan A1, A3
Itombwe Mountains Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Kahuzi-Biega National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Kakamega forest Kenya A1, A2, A3
Kasyoha: Kitomi Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Kibale National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Kibira National Park Burundi A1, A2, A3
Kidepo Sudan A3
Kikuyu Escarpment forest Kenya A1, A2, A3
Lake Manyara National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lendu Plateau Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Livingstone Mountains forests Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Longido Game Controlled Area Tanzania A1, A3, A4i
Mahali Mountain National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Mau forest complex Kenya A3
Mbi Crater Faunal Reserve: Mbingo forest Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Misuku Hills Forest Reserves Malawi A1, A2, A3
Mont Bana Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mont Manengouba Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mont Nlonako Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Elgon Kenya A1, A2, A3
Mount Elgon National Park Uganda A2, A3
Mount Hoyo Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Mount Kabobo Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Mount Kenya Kenya A1, A2, A3
Mount Kilimanjaro Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Mount Kupe Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Mbam Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Oku Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Rungwe Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Nguru Mountains Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Njinsing: Tabenken Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Njombe forests Tanzania A1, A2, A3
North Pare Mountains Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Nyika National Park Malawi A2, A3
Nyika National Park Zambia A1, A2, A3
Nyungwe National Park Rwanda A1, A2, A3
Obudu Plateau Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Rubeho Mountains Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Rwenzori Mountains National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
South Nandi forest Kenya A1, A3
South Nguruman Kenya A1, A2
South Pare Mountains Tanzania A2, A3
Uluguru Mountains Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Uvidunda Mountains Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Uzumara Forest Reserve Malawi A2, A3
Virunga National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Volcans National Park Rwanda A1, A2, A3
West Usambara Mountains Tanzania A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Allophylus abyssinicus[3]
Cornus volkensii[3]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Maesa indica[3]
Polyscias fulva[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)2
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Chlorocichla flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Greenbul)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)2
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)2
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)2
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)2
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Stactolaema leucotis (White-eared Barbet)1
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Range Map

Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access