Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Oriolidae > Oriolus > Oriolus brachyrynchus
 

Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)

Synonyms: Oriolus brachyrhynchus

Wikipedia Abstract

The western oriole (Oriolus brachyrynchus), also known as the western black-headed oriole, is a species of bird in the Oriolidae family that is native to Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Oriolus brachyrynchus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.77166
EDGE Score: 2.37692

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  49 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco National Park 6492 Côte d'Ivoire  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kambui Hills Forest Reserve 34852 Sierra Leone  
Kenting National Park II 78882 Taiwan
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Lamto Reserve Station d´Ecologie Tropicale 6425 Cõte d'Ivoire  
Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve No or Non - Hunting Forest Reserve II 66602 Sierra Leone  
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de Moukalaba-Dougoua (Gamba Complex) Faunal Reserve IV 266550 Gabon  
Reserve des Monts Doudou (Gamba Complex) Wildlife Management Area 656901 Gabon  
Sapo National Park II 239074 Liberia  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  
Western Area Peninsula Non-hunting Forest Reserve No or Non - Hunting Forest Reserve II 40823 Sierra Leone  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Afi River Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Akassa forests Nigeria A1, A3, A4i
Ankasa Resource Reserve: Nini-Sushien National Park Ghana A1, A2, A3
Atewa Range Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Azagny National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Bakossi mountains Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bangui Central African Republic A3
Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bengangai Sudan A1, A3
Bia National Park and Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Boin River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Boin Tano Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bosomtwe Range Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bossematie Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Boumba: Bek Cameroon A3
Budongo Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bugoma Central Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bura River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Camabatela Angola A1, A2, A3
Campo Ma'an complex Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Cape Mount Liberia A3, A4i
Cape Three Points Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Cestos: Senkwen Liberia A1, A2, A3
Comoe National Park Cte dIvoire A3
Conkouati National Park Congo A1, A3, A4ii
Cross River National Park: Oban Division Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Cross River National Park: Okwangwo Division Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Dadieso Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Diécké Guinea A1, A2, A3
Dimonika Biosphere Reserve Congo A1, A3
Dja Faunal Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Donga river basin forests Nigeria A3
Draw River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Dzanga-Ndoki National Park Central African Republic A1, A2, A3
Ebi River Shelterbelt Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Ebok-Kabaken Nigeria A1, A3, A4ii
Forests west of Lake Edward Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Fure River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Gamba Protected Areas Complex Gabon A1, A2, A3, A4i
Gashaka-Gumti National Park Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Gola Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Grebo Liberia A1, A2, A3
Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Itombwe Mountains Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Jema-Asemkrom Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kahuzi-Biega National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Kakamega forest Kenya A1, A2, A3
Kakum National Park: Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kambui Hills Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Kasyoha: Kitomi Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Kibale National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Kidepo Sudan A3
Korup National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Kounounkan Guinea A1, A2, A3
Lagoas de Cufada Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Lake Te'le' Community Reserve Congo  
Lama Forest Benin A3
Lamto Ecological Research Station Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Léconi grasslands Gabon A1, A3
Lobéké National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Lomako: Yekokora Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Lopé Faunal Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Lower Kouilou basin Congo A1, A2, A3
Luki Forest Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A3
Mabira Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Maiko National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Mamiri Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Marahoue National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Massif du Ziama Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mbam Djerem National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mbam Minkom: Kala Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Minkébé Forest Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Minziro Forest Reserve Tanzania A1, A3
Misahöhe Forest Reserve Togo A1, A3
Mont Manengouba Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mont Nlonako Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Monte Alen National Park Equatorial Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mopri Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Mount Afadjato: Agumatsa Range forest Ghana A1, A2, A3
Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Elgon National Park Uganda A2, A3
Mount Hoyo Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Mount Kupe Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Ngel-Nyaki Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Ngiri Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3, A4i, A4ii
Ngotto Central African Republic A3
Nimba mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Nki Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex Congo A3
Nsuensa Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Ntokou Pikounda Reserve Congo  
Odzala National Park complex Congo A3
Okapi Faunal Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Okomu National Park Nigeria A1, A3
Peko Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Pra-Sushien Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Salonga National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Sango Bay area Uganda A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Santchou Faunal Reserve Cameroon A1, A3
Sapo National Park Liberia A1, A2, A3
Semliki National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
South Nandi forest Kenya A1, A3
Subri River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tai National Park and Nzo Faunal Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Tano-Anwia Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Offin Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Virunga National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Western Area Peninsula Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Wologizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Wonegizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Yabassi Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Yoyo River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Zwedru Liberia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Bridelia micrantha (Coastal Golden-leaf)[3]
Ficus burretiana[4]
Ficus pseudomangifera[4]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arizelocichla masukuensis (Shelley's Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Baeopogon indicator (Honeyguide Greenbul)2
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)4
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)2
Calyptocichla serinus (Golden Greenbul)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)2
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)2
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)2
Criniger calurus (Red-tailed Greenbul)1
Criniger olivaceus (Yellow-bearded Greenbul)1
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)1
Eurillas gracilis (Little Grey Greenbul)2
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)2
Eurillas virens (Hall's Greenbul)2
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Gymnobucco bonapartei (Grey-throated Barbet)1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)2
Hyliota violacea (Violet-backed Hyliota)1
Hylopsar purpureiceps (Purple-headed Starling)1
Ixonotus guttatus (Spotted Greenbul)2
Lamprotornis splendidus (Splendid Starling)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)1
Malimbus cassini (Cassin's Malimbe)1
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Musophaga rossae (Ross's Turaco)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Nigrita bicolor (Chestnut-breasted Nigrita)1
Nigrita canicapillus (Grey-headed negro finch)1
Nigrita fusconotus (White-breasted negro finch)1
Nigrita luteifrons (Pale-fronted Nigrita)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)2
Phyllastrephus hypochloris (Toro Olive Greenbul)1
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)2
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Pogoniulus atroflavus (Red-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)3
Pogoniulus scolopaceus (Speckled Tinkerbird)1
Pogoniulus subsulphureus (Yellow-throated Tinkerbird)1
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)3
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)3
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)2
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Tauraco persa (Guinea Turaco)1
Thescelocichla leucopleura (Swamp Palm Bulbul)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Tockus fasciatus (African Pied Hornbill)1
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)4
Tricholaema hirsuta (Hairy-breasted Barbet)1
Turdoides sharpei (Black-lored Babbler)1
Turdus pelios (African Thrush)1
Turtur afer (Blue-spotted Wood Dove)1
Turtur tympanistria (Tambourine Dove)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)2

Range Map

Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Fry, CH, S. Keith, and EK Urban. 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata, Matthias Schleuning, Nico Blüthgen, Martina Flörchinger, Julius Braun, H. Martin Schaefer, and Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecology, in press. 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access