Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Oriolidae > Oriolus > Oriolus larvatus
 

Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-headed oriole (Oriolus larvatus) is an African passerine.
View Wikipedia Record: Oriolus larvatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.43566
EDGE Score: 2.13247

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  64 grams
Birth Weight [1]  6.7 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Burko Catchment Forest Reserve 1342 Tanzania  
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kitumbeine Local Authority Forest Reserve   Tanzania      
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Lapalala Wilderness Nature Reserve 88958 Limpopo, South Africa
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Longido Local Authority Forest Reserve 5128 Tanzania  
Losiminguri Forest Reserve 14815 Tanzania  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Mariannwood Nature Reserve   South Africa      
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Pande Forest Reserve Game Reserve IV 3094 Tanzania  
Pigeon Valley Nature Reserve 25 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa      
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      
Umbogavango Nature Reserve 89 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Commiphora harveyi[3]
Ficus burtt-davyi (Veld Fig)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)3
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Cinnyris afer (Greater double-collared sunbird)1
Cinnyris chalybeus (Southern double-collared sunbird)1
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Cossypha caffra (Cape Robin-Chat)1
Crithagra gularis (Streaky-headed Seedeater)1
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)2
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Hedydipna collaris (Collared sunbird)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Lanius collaris (Common Fiscal)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)3
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)1
Monticola rupestris (Cape Rock Thrush)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)2
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Phoeniculus purpureus (Green Wood Hoopoe)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)2
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)3
Prinia maculosa (Karoo Prinia)1
Procavia capensis (Rock Hyrax)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Rhabdomys pumilio (Four-striped grass mouse)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Telophorus zeylonus (Bokmakierie)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)2
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)3
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Umgeni River Bird Park

Distribution

Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access