Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Oriolidae > Oriolus > Oriolus xanthonotus
 

Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)

Wikipedia Abstract

The dark-throated oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus) is a species of bird in the Oriolidae family.It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests where it is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Oriolus xanthonotus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
39
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.92203
EDGE Score: 2.88167

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  40 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  30 %
Forages - Understory [1]  10 %
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus caulocarpa[3]
Ficus consociata[3]
Ficus crassiramea[3]
Ficus obscura[3]
Ficus pellucido-punctata[3]
Ficus trichocarpa[3]
Ficus virens[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)2
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)3
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)6
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)2
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)4
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)6
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)4
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)5
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)6
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)7
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)3
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)5
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)3
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)5
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)8
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)8
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)8
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)5
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)7
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)7
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)6
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)5
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)3
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)4
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)8
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)8
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)7
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)7
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)8
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)6
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)8
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)7
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)4
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)7
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)3
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)3
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)5
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)3
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)2
Sundasciurus lowii (Low's squirrel)2
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)3
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)3
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)3
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)7
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)4
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)2
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)2

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access