Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Oriolidae > Oriolus > Oriolus xanthornus
 

Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-hooded oriole (Oriolus xanthornus) is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds and is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia.It is a bird of open woodland and cultivation. The nest is built in a tree, and contains two eggs. Its food is insects and fruit, especially figs, found in the tree canopies where they spend much of their time.The male is striking, with the typical oriole black and yellow colouration.
View Wikipedia Record: Oriolus xanthornus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
14
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.213
EDGE Score: 2.5025

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  56 grams
Clutch Size [2]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Ramkhamhaeng National Park II 71016 Thailand
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Sinharaja Forest Reserve IV 16201 Sri Lanka  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tarutao National Park Marine National Park II 312077 Thailand  
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus virens[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)2
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)2
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)3
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)2
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)2
Axis axis (chital)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)2
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)2
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)2
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)3
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)3
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)3
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)3
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)2
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Garrulax perspicillatus (Masked Laughingthrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)2
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)2
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)2
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)3
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)3
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)2
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)3
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)3
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)2
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)3
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)3
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)2
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)3
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Spodiopsar sericeus (Red-billed Starling)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)3
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)2
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Turdus hortulorum (Grey-backed Thrush)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)2
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Squamofilaria oriolae <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Ocean Park Corporation

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access