Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Paridae > Parus > Parus afer

Parus afer (Grey Tit)

Wikipedia Abstract

The grey tit (Melaniparus afer) is a species of bird in the Paridae family.It is found in Lesotho and South Africa.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland and Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation. The grey tit was formerly one of the many species in the genus Parus but was moved to Melaniparus after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2013 showed that the members of the new genus formed a distinct clade.
View Wikipedia Record: Parus afer


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.8898
EDGE Score: 2.55644


Adult Weight [1]  20 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Forages - Understory [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  4


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nargu Sanctuary IV 70769 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Parc National Suisse National Park Ia   Switzerland
Renuka Sanctuary IV 10296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Inokashira Park Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens


Cape Peninsula National Park; Tsavo National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access