Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Paridae > Parus > Parus leuconotus

Parus leuconotus (White-backed Black Tit)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-backed black tit (Melaniparus leuconotus), also known as the white-backed tit, is a species of bird in the Paridae family. It is found in Eritrea and Ethiopia. Its natural habitat is boreal forests. The white-backed black tit was formerly one of the many species in the genus Parus but was moved to Melaniparus after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2013 showed that the members of the new genus formed a distinct clade.
View Wikipedia Record: Parus leuconotus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.29895
EDGE Score: 2.11613


Adult Weight [1]  17 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  80 %
Maximum Longevity [3]  8 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bahir Dar: Lake Tana Ethiopia A1, A3, A4iii
Bale Mountains National Park Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i
Berga floodplain Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i
Bonga forest Ethiopia A3
Chilimo forest Ethiopia A3
Denkoro forest Ethiopia A3
Entoto Natural Park and escarpment Ethiopia A3
Gefersa reservoir Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i
Jemma and Jara valleys Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Jibat forest Ethiopia A1, A3
Menagesha State Forest Ethiopia A3
Mount Zuquala Ethiopia A3
Mugo highlands Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Senafe Eritrea A2, A3
Simen Mountains National Park Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Sululta plain Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i
Tiro Boter: Becho forest Ethiopia A1, A3
Yegof forest Ethiopia A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe Yes

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access