Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Phalacrocoracidae > Phalacrocorax > Phalacrocorax harrisi

Phalacrocorax harrisi (Flightless Cormorant)

Wikipedia Abstract

The flightless cormorant (Phalacrocorax harrisi), also known as the Galapagos cormorant, is a cormorant native to the Galapagos Islands, and an example of the highly unusual fauna there. It is unique in that it is the only cormorant that has lost the ability to fly. Once it was placed in its own genus, Nannopterum or Compsohalieus, although current taxonomy places it in the genus with most of the other cormorants, Phalacrocorax.
View Wikipedia Record: Phalacrocorax harrisi

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.25775
EDGE Score: 3.49745


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [1]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  20 %
Forages - Underwater [1]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  2
Incubation [2]  35 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  17 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Áreas costeras de Fernandina y del occidente de Isabela Ecuador A1, A2, A4i, A4ii

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Áreas costeras de Fernandina y del occidente de Isabela Ecuador

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru Yes

Prey / Diet

Belone belone (Garfish)[3]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[3]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[3]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[3]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[3]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[3]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[3]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[3]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[3]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[3]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[3]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[3]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]


Amblyrhynchus cristatus (Marine Iguana)[3]

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access