Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Phoenicopteriformes > Phoenicopteridae > Phoenicopterus > Phoenicopterus chilensis

Phoenicopterus chilensis (Chilean Flamingo)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) is a large species of flamingo at 110–130 cm (43–51 in) closely related to American flamingo and greater flamingo, with which it was sometimes considered conspecific. The species is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN. It breeds in South America from Ecuador and Peru to Chile and Argentina and east to Brazil; it has been introduced into Germany and the Netherlands (colony on the border, Zwillbrocker Venn). There was also a small population in Utah and California. Like all flamingos it lays a single chalky white egg on a mud mound.
View Wikipedia Record: Phoenicopterus chilensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.0406
EDGE Score: 3.7396


Adult Weight [2]  5.02 lbs (2.28 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  100 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  1
Incubation [4]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  37 years
Water Biome [1]  Coastal, Brackish Water


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean wet puna Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Costero del Sur Park 87178 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Reserva Biologica de la Cordillera de Sama Biological Reserve IV 265144 Bolivia  
Reserva de Huascarán National Park II 844711 Ancash, Peru  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Reserva Nacional Lauca National Park II 349990 Chile  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Area Natural Protegida El Mangrullo Argentina A1, A3
Area Natural Protegida Provincial Meseta de Somuncurá Argentina A1
Bañado de Añatuya Argentina A1
Bañados de Figueroa Argentina A1
Bañados del Arroyo Chucul y Reserva Natural de Fauna Laguna La Felipa Argentina A1
Bañados del Río Saladillo Argentina A1, A4i
Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Bajos Submeridionales Argentina A1
Banhado do Taim Brazil A1, A3, A4i, A4iii  
Barrancas de Baradero Argentina A1
Caldenal del Sudoeste de Buenos Aires Argentina A1
Castillos Lagoon Uruguay A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ceibas Argentina A1, A2
Comodoro Rivadavia Argentina A1, A4i
Complejo Islote Lobos Argentina A1, A4i    
Complejo Punta Tombo: Punta Atlas Argentina A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Cotahuasi Peru A1, A2, A3
El Zurdo Argentina A1, A2
Estancia El Cóndor Argentina A1, A2, A3
Estepas arbustivas del Sur de Buenos Aires Argentina A1
Estuario del Río Coyle Argentina A1, A3, A4i
Estuario del Río Gallegos Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i
Estuário da Laguna dos Patos Brazil A1, A3, A4i
Extensión Límite Este y Sur del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi Argentina A1, A2, A3
Garzón Lagoon Uruguay A1
José Ignacio Lagoon Uruguay A1, A4i
Lago de Junín Peru A1, A2, A3, A4i
Lago Lagunillas Peru A1
Lago Parinacochas Peru A1
Lago Poopó y Río Laka Jahuira Bolivia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Lago Titicaca (Sector Boliviano) Bolivia A1, A2, A4i
Laguna de Pradere Argentina A1
Laguna de Varvarco Campos y Tapia Argentina A1
Laguna El Paraíso Peru A1, A4i
Laguna El Peinado Argentina A1
Laguna Ganzo Paraguay A1, A4i
Laguna Grande Argentina A1, A4i
Laguna Guayatayoc Argentina A1, A4i
Laguna La Alumbrera Argentina A1
Laguna Maquera Peru A1
Laguna Melincué Argentina A1, A4i
Laguna Nimez y costa aledaña del Lago Argentino Argentina A1
Laguna Purulla Argentina A1, A4i
Lagunas de Agua Dulce del Sureste de Potosí Bolivia A1
Lagunas de Ecuasal-Salinas Ecuador A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lagunas de Guanacache Argentina A1
Lagunas del suroeste y relictos del Caldenal Argentina A1, A4i
Lagunas Runtuyoc: Los Enamorados Argentina A1, A4i
Lagunas Salinas del Suroeste de Potosí Bolivia A1, A4i, A4iii
Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce Argentina A1, A2
Lagunillas Argentina A1
Luracatao y Valles Calchaquíes Argentina A1
Meseta del Asador (o Aguila) Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i
Meseta Lago Buenos Aires Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i
Meseta Lago Strobel Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i
Monumento Natural Bosques Petrificados y Estancia El Cuadro Argentina A1, A3
Monumento Natural Laguna de Los Pozuelos Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Norte del Golfo San Jorge Argentina A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Parque Costero del Sur Argentina A1, A3
Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe Brazil A1, A4i, A4iii
Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca Argentina A1, A3, A4i
Parque Nacional Lihue Calel Argentina A1, A4i
Parque Nacional Los Alerces y Laguna Terraplén Argentina A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Los Cardones Argentina A1
Parque Nacional Los Glaciares y adyacencias (Estancias El Sosiego, La Soledad y Anita) Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i
Parque Nacional Perito Moreno y Reserva Provincial San Lorenzo Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i
Parque nacional Sajama Bolivia A1
Parque Nacional Tinfunqué: Estero Patiño Paraguay A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Parque Provincial Cumbres Calchaquíes Argentina A1, A2
Península y Bahía de San Julián Argentina A1, A3, A4ii, A4iii  
Ramis y Arapa (Lago Titicaca, sector Peruano) Peru A1, A2, A3, A4i
Reserva Biológica Cordillera de Sama Bolivia A1, A2, A3
Reserva Campos del Tuyú, Estancia El Palenque y Los Ingleses Argentina A1  
Reserva de Biosfera Albufera de Mar Chiquita Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita Argentina A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Reserva de Uso Múltiple de Bahía Blanca, Bahía Falsa y Bahía Verde Argentina A1, A4i
Reserva de Uso Múltiple San Blas y Refugio de Vida silvestre Complementario Argentina A1
Reserva Ecológica Manglares-Churute Ecuador A1, A2, A3, A4iii
Reserva Nacional de Paracas Peru A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Reserva Nacional Pampa Galeras Peru A1, A3
Reserva Nacional Salinas y Aguada Blanca Peru A1, A4i
Reserva Natural de La Angostura Argentina A1, A2
Reserva Natural Otamendi, Reserva Provincial Río Lujan y alrededores Argentina A1, A2, A3
Reserva Natural Punta Lara Argentina A1
Reserva Provincial Aleusco Argentina A1
Reserva Provincial de Uso Múltiple Laguna Leandro Argentina A1
Reserva Provincial de Usos Múltiples Federico Wildermuth Argentina A1
Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava Argentina A1, A4i
Reserva Provincial Laguna de Llancanelo Argentina A1
Reserva Provincial Laguna Salada Grande Argentina A1, A4i
Reserva Provincial Olaroz-Cauchari Argentina A1, A4i
Reserva Provincial Parque Luro Argentina A1
Reserva Provincial Tromen Argentina A1
Reserva Provincial y de la Biosfera Laguna Blanca Argentina A1, A4i
Rocha Lagoon Uruguay A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Salar del Hombre Muerto Argentina A1, A4i
Salinas de Ambargasta Argentina A1, A2
Salinas Grandes Argentina A1, A2, A4i
San Antonio Oeste Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Sistema de Lagunas Los Aparejos, Azul y Negra Argentina A1, A4i
Sistema de lagunas de Vilama-Pululos Argentina A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sistema Península de Valdés Argentina A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Socompá-Llullaillaco Argentina A1, A4i
Sur de Ramallo Argentina A1
Valle del Río Collón Curá Argentina A1, A3
Valle del río Paraguay-Paraná Argentina A1
Valle Fluvial del Río Paraguay Argentina A1
Victorica Argentina A1
Villa Iris, Chasicó, Napostá Argentina A1, A3, A4i, A4ii
Villa marítima El Cóndor Argentina A1
Vuelta de Obligado Argentina A1
Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba Bolivia A1, A2, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Adelaide Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Akron Zoological Park
Al Ain Zoo
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Artis Zoo
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bellewaerde Park
Bioparc Valencia
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cape May County Park Zoo
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenpark Wissel
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fota Wildlife Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Gladys Porter Zoo
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Greenville Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Indianapolis Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Manor House Wildlife Park
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Monterey Bay Aquarium
Montgomery Zoo
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
North Carolina Zoological Park
North of England Zoological Society
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Reid Park Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Scovill Zoo
Sequoia Park Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Stichting Landgoed Hoenderdaell
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Taipei Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Topeka Zoological Park
Tracy Aviary
Twycross Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoo Zürich
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access