Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Muscicapidae > Phoenicurus > Phoenicurus phoenicurus
 

Phoenicurus phoenicurus (Common Redstart)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), or often simply redstart, is a small passerine bird in the redstart genus Phoenicurus. Like its relatives, it was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family (Turdidae), but is now known to be an Old World flycatcher (Muscicapidae).
View Wikipedia Record: Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.46818
EDGE Score: 2.01065

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  15 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  6
Incubation [2]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [4]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [2]  9 inches (.22 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
ARRIBES DEL DUERO 264506 Spain  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Camargue 546256 France  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Chausey 203679 France  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
FUENTES CARRIONAS Y FUENTE COBRE-MONTAÑA PALENTINA 193184 Spain  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
HOCES DEL ALTO EBRO Y RUDRÓN 127403 Spain  
Haut Val d'Allier 145560 France  
Horná Orava 145144 Slovakia  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
KOITELAINEN 120928 Finland  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 131864 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Les Ecrins 227201 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Malá Fatra 176505 Slovakia  
Malé Karpaty 125118 Slovakia  
Monchique 187820 Portugal  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Nízke Tatry 239467 Slovakia  
OREINOS EVROS - KOILADA DEREIOU 120853 Greece  
OROS TAYGETOS - LAGKADA TRYPIS 120553 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN 250408 Spain  
POMOKAIRA 228222 Finland  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Pays des Couzes 128132 France  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Picentini 157557 Italy  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA 170724 Spain  
SIERRA DE LA DEMANDA 125797 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA DE LOS ANCARES 137346 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serra do Gerês 156759 Portugal  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Slanské vrchy 157675 Slovakia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Stora Sjofallet National Park II 314943 Sweden
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  
Ve¾ká Fatra 149348 Slovakia  
Vihorlat 133079 Slovakia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Beskydy mountains Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Bukovské hills Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Carska bara Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Central Valais between Sierre and Visp Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Generoso mountain Switzerland B2
Jura mountains of Baselland: Solothurn Switzerland B2, B3
Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel Switzerland B2, B3
Lapland Biosphere Reserve Russia (European) A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Litokaira Finland A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Maggia valley Switzerland A3, B2
Maltio fjelds Finland B2, B3, C6
Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara Finland B2, B3, C6
Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo Finland B2, B3, C6
Oulanka-Sukerijärvi Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Pallas and Ylläs fjelds Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Polana Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira Finland A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Racheyski forest Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Riisitunturi Finland B2, C6
Saariselkä and Koilliskaira Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Samars'kyj forest Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Syöte-Salmitunturi Finland B2, B3, C6
Tara mountain Serbia B2
Tatry Slovakia A1, A3, B2, B3
Velká Fatra Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Zhigulevsk Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Zlot gorge-Dubasnica Serbia B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Adelphocoris quadripunctatus[5]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[5]
Cryphoeca silvicola[5]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[5]
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)[5]
Prunus mahaleb (St Lucie cherry)[6]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[7]
Stenurella melanura[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)3
Aegithalos caudatus (Long-tailed Bushtit)2
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)3
Amaurobius similis (Lace webbed spider)1
Ancylis achatana1
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)3
Anthus spinoletta (Water Pipit)2
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)4
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)1
Apus apus (Common Swift)4
Araneus diadematus (Cross garden spider)1
Araneus quadratus (Spider)1
Argiope bruennichi (Bruennich's garden spider)1
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)2
Certhia brachydactyla (Short-toed Treecreeper)1
Certhia familiaris (Eurasian Treecreeper)3
Coloeus monedula (Western Jackdaw)3
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)2
Corvus frugilegus (Rook)1
Cuculus canorus (Common Cuckoo)1
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)3
Delichon urbicum (Common house-martin and northern house-martin)1
Dendrocopos medius (Middle Spotted Woodpecker)1
Emberiza citrinella (Yellowhammer)1
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)2
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)1
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)3
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)4
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)3
Haplodrassus dalmatensis1
Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)2
Iphiclides podalirius (Scarce Swallowtail)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)4
Larinioides cornutus (Furrow Orbweaver)1
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)2
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)3
Lullula arborea (Woodlark)3
Lyonetia clerkella (Apple Leaf Miner Moth)1
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)1
Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail)1
Muscicapa striata (Spotted Flycatcher)1
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)4
Parus major (Great Tit)3
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)2
Phoenicurus ochruros (Black Redstart)4
Pholcus phalangioides (Long-bodied cellar spider)1
Phylloscopus collybita (Common Chiffchaff)4
Phylloscopus sibillatrix (Wood Warbler)3
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)4
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)2
Pisaura mirabilis (Tent Spider)1
Poecile montanus (Willow Tit)2
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)2
Prunella modularis (Dunnock)3
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)1
Rana temporaria (European frog)2
Regulus ignicapilla (Firecrest)1
Regulus regulus (Goldcrest)3
Saxicola rubetra (Whinchat)3
Saxicola rubicola (European Stonechat)5
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)2
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)2
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)5
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)3
Sylvia communis (Common Whitethroat)3
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)2
Trachyzelotes pedestris1
Troglodytes troglodytes (Winter Wren)4
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)1
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)4
Turdus torquatus (Ring Ouzel)3
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)2
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)1
Vespa crabro (European hornet)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Xysticus cristatus (Wandering Crab Spider)1
Xysticus erraticus1
Zelotes latreillei1

Predators

Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria similis <Unverified Name>[8]
Ceratophyllus borealis[9]
Ceratophyllus fringillae[9]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[9]
Ceratophyllus garei[9]
Ceratophyllus pullatus[9]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[9]
Collyriclum faba <Unverified Name>[8]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[9]
Frontopsylla frontalis frontalis[9]
Mediorhynchus micracanthus[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2British Trust for Ornithology 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5Ecology of Commanster 6Prunus mahaleb and Birds: The High-Efficiency Seed Dispersal System of a Temperate Fruiting Tree, Carlos M. Herrera and Pedro Jordano, Ecological Monographs Vol. 51, No. 2 (Jun., 1981), pp. 203-218 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access