Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Paridae > Poecile > Poecile palustris
 

Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)

Wikipedia Abstract

The marsh tit (Poecile palustris) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae and genus Poecile, closely related to the willow, Père David's and Songar tits. It is small (around 12 cm long and weighing 12 g) with a black crown and nape, pale cheeks, brown back and greyish-brown wings and tail. Between 8 and 11 subspecies are recognised. This bird's close resemblance to the willow tit can cause identification problems, especially in the United Kingdom where the local subspecies of the two are very similar (there, they were not recognised as separate species until 1897).
View Wikipedia Record: Poecile palustris

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.77073
EDGE Score: 2.37683

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  11 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1.2 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [2]  9
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  15 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years
Wing Span [3]  7 inches (.19 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ALTO CINCA 36250 Spain  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alpi Carniche 48186 Italy  
Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro 27869 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Ashdown Forest 6744 England, United Kingdom
BAHIA DE CADIZ 26000 Spain  
Babia Góra National Park II 4492 Poland
Bacini ex-zuccherificio di Argelato e Golena del Fiume Reno 776 Italy  
Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa 23828 Italy  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve V 462837 Yunnan, China  
Basso Taro 2483 Italy  
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella 7967 Italy  
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio 2162 Italy  
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Crevalcore 1754 Italy  
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella 11085 Italy  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara 3862 Italy  
COLLARADA - IBÓN DE IP 8523 Spain  
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA 62948 Spain  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Culm Grasslands 1899 England, United Kingdom  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS 60101 Spain  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Foresta Umbra 51042 Italy    
Gessi Bolognesi, Calanchi dell'Abbadessa 10616 Italy  
Greto dello Scrivia 5172 Italy  
Grigne 17695 Italy  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
LAGUNA DE FUENTE DE PIEDRA 21406 Spain  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna 3981 Italy  
Medio Taro 9415 Italy  
Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes 3127 England, United Kingdom
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Monte Barro 1016 Italy  
Monte Catria, Monte Acuto e Monte della Strega 21953 Italy  
Monte Cucco e Monte Columeo 3128 Italy  
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
ORDESA Y MONTE PERDIDO 38568 Spain  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
Palude Brabbia 1137 Italy  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Campo dei Fiori 3207 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala Biosphere Reserve 127002 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti 741 Italy  
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole 2916 Italy  
Roudsea Wood and Mosses 1163 England, United Kingdom
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serre del Burano 8972 Italy  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Simonside Hills 5146 England, United Kingdom  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Tatra Mountains Biosphere Reserve 44247 Poland  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Triangolo Lariano 1465 Italy  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
Valle dei Ratti - Cime di Gaiazzo 3368 Italy  
Valle del Mezzano, Valle Pega 46611 Italy  
Valli di Argenta 7178 Italy  
Valli di Comacchio 41464 Italy  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Wormley Hoddesdonpark Woods 829 England, United Kingdom
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[4]
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[4]
Cornus sanguinea (bloodtwig dogwood)[5]
Cryphoeca silvicola[4]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[4]
Lonicera xylosteum (dwarf honeysuckle)[5]
Prunus domestica (plum)[5]
Rosa canina (Dog Rose)[5]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[5]
Sorbus aria (Whitebeam)[5]
Sorbus aucuparia (Mountain Ash)[4]
Stenurella melanura[4]
Yponomeuta evonymella (Full-spotted Ermel Moth)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)2
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)2
Aegithalos caudatus (Long-tailed Bushtit)4
Blepharidopterus angulatus (Black-kneed Capsid)2
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)2
Certhia brachydactyla (Short-toed Treecreeper)2
Certhia familiaris (Eurasian Treecreeper)2
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)2
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)2
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)2
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)2
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)2
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)7
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)2
Eupithecia irriguata (Marbled Pug)2
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)2
Fagocyba cruenta2
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)4
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Geometra papilionaria (Large Emerald)2
Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)2
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)6
Lullula arborea (Woodlark)2
Meles meles (European Badger)2
Muscicapa striata (Spotted Flycatcher)2
Noctua fimbriata (Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing)2
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)2
Parus major (Great Tit)6
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)7
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)2
Phoenicurus phoenicurus (Common Redstart)2
Phylloscopus collybita (Common Chiffchaff)2
Phylloscopus sibillatrix (Wood Warbler)2
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)2
Poecile montanus (Willow Tit)6
Prunella modularis (Dunnock)2
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)2
Regulus ignicapilla (Common Firecrest)2
Regulus regulus (Goldcrest)3
Saxicola rubetra (Whinchat)2
Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer)2
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)4
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)2
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)2
Tortrix viridana (Green tortrix)2
Troglodytes troglodytes (Eurasian Wren)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)2
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)3
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)2

Predators

Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[4]
Dendrocopos major (Great Spotted Woodpecker)[4]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Brachydistomum ventricosum <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[7]
Ceratophyllus tribulis[7]
Orthoskrjabinia bobica <Unverified Name>[6]
Orthoskrjabinia conica <Unverified Name>[6]

Distribution

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3British Trust for Ornithology
4Ecology of Commanster
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access